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Near New Edinburg in Cleveland County, Arkansas — The American South (West South Central)
 

Witnesses to War

 
 
Witnesses to War Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, August 2, 2018
1. Witnesses to War Marker
Inscription.  So many horses and soldiers were killed that Salty Branch ran red with blood.

In 1864, Camden was a large town on the Ouachita River, as was Pine Bluff on the Arkansas River. Moro Bay, to the south, was the largest cotton shipping point below Camden on the Ouachita River. The country between these river towns was rugged and far less populated. Often the closest neighbor was miles away and the closest place to buy goods or see a doctor was half a day's ride or more by horse.

The Marks family lived in this remote area at the junction of the Moro Bay and the Camden and Pine Bluff roads. John H. Marks had arrived in the 1830s and saw that the area could be prosperous. He soon had large landholdings, many slaves, a cotton gin, flour and grist mills, sawmill, a brick kiln, and a blacksmith shop.

John H. and Mary Barnett Marks' daughter, Martha, was home when the battle began. She later wrote:
I saw them shoot down the driver of the first wagon in front
of out house. Our home was a temporary hospital and I can
see now the wounded and the dying lying on our porches
and in the house.


Anita
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Knowles' Grandfather took part in the battle and was ordered to shoot the lead horses of the first wagon. In 1937, she wrote an essay printed in the Cleveland County Herald describing the battle, and said:
So many horses and soldiers were killed that Salty Branch
ran red with blood.


Marks' Mills Battleground State Park was established by the State Legislature to commemorate the Battle of Marks' Mills. The battle took place about half a mile from here near the Marks family homesite and Salty Branch Creek. To see the Marks family homesite, cemetery, and more, travel about one mile north on Highway 97, turn right on Marks Cemetery Road. Travel on Marks Cemetery Road for another mile and turn right again.
 
Erected by the State of Arkansas.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Settlements & SettlersWar, US CivilWaterways & Vessels. A significant historical year for this entry is 1864.
 
Location. 33° 46.878′ N, 92° 15.408′ W. Marker is near New Edinburg, Arkansas, in Cleveland County. Marker is at the intersection of Arkansas Route 97 and Arkansas Route 8, on the left when traveling north on State Route 97. Located at the Marks' Mill Battleground State Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: New Edinburg AR 71660, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of
Witnesses to War Marker is on the right of three. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, August 2, 2018
2. Witnesses to War Marker is on the right of three.
this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Battle at Marks' Mill (here, next to this marker); The Union Wagon Train Leaves Camden (here, next to this marker); The Battle of Marks' Mill (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle Had Begun! (approx. 0.6 miles away); Cleveland County Battle of Mark's Mill (approx. 0.7 miles away); Shelby's Approach (approx. 0.7 miles away); Battle of Marks' Mills / Marks Family Experience (approx. 0.8 miles away); New Edinburg Commercial Historic District (approx. 1.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New Edinburg.
 
Regarding Witnesses to War. Marks' Mills Battlefield is part of the Camden Expedition National Historic Landmark. Camden Expedition Sites consist of nine nationally significant historic places in southwest Arkansas where events of the Union army's disastrous Camden Expedition of 1864 occurred during the Civil War.
 
Marks' Mill Battleground State Park image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, August 2, 2018
3. Marks' Mill Battleground State Park
Another marker, located near family homesite, cemetery and battlefield. image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Mark Hilton, August 2, 2018
4. Another marker, located near family homesite, cemetery and battlefield.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 8, 2018. It was originally submitted on August 8, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 266 times since then and 24 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on August 8, 2018, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.

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Apr. 18, 2024