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Near Sula in Ravalli County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)
 

Mountains on the Move

The Bitterroot and Sapphire Mountains

 
 
Mountains on the Move Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, May 11, 2018
1. Mountains on the Move Marker
Captions: (upper center, map) The glacier dam of Glacial Lake Missoula and the path of its floods.; (right) Sluicing Sapphire Mine.
Inscription.  The spectacular Bitterroot Mountains northwest of Sula expose granite rocks of the Idaho batholith, a major geologic feature that consists of a series of igneous intrusions that pushed their way toward the surface between about 80 and 53 million years ago. The molten magma that formed these intrusions forced its way into older rocks and crystallized more than ten miles below the surface. As the magma rose upward, it raised up the overlying rocks, which sloughed off an enormous block that slid to the east, forming the Sapphire Range on the east side of the Bitterroot Valley. It took about seven million years for this block to slowly slide along a surface that forms the eastern slope of much of the Bitterroot Range. The granite rock exposed along US Highway 93 in the Sula area are part of this block that was once in the present Bitterroot Range. About 50 million years ago, magma again rose up through the crust of the earth resulting in the eruption of large volumes of volcanic rock in the southern Bitterroot Range southwest of Sula.
Glaciers capped much of the Bitterroot Valley and carved dramatic U-shaped profiles into side drainages
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that flow eastward into the Bitterroot Valley. The last glaciation ended about 15,000 years ago. Multiple times during the glacial ages, a glacier dammed the Clark Fork River near the Idaho/Montana border forming the Glacial Lake Missoula. The highest lake stand reached an altitude of 4,200 feet above sea level, forming a lakeshore only a few miles downstream of Sula.

(side bar at bottom center:)
Geo-Facts:
• The Sapphire Range was named for the large sapphire deposits that were mined during the first part of the 20th century. More than 40 tons of sapphires were mined in the mountains and sold for use in watch bearings. The development of synthetic sapphires caused the market to collapse after World War II.
• If you look carefully along the highway in this area, you can see igneous dikes formed where magma oozed up along fractures in the granite. These dikes are granite and are related to the volcanic activity in the southern part of the Bitterroot Valley.
• Glacial Lake Missoula was first created around 15,000 years ago when an enormous glacier created an ice dam across the Clark Fork River near present day Sandpoint, Idaho. The lake was comparable in size to Lake Erie or Lake Ontario.
Geo-Activity:
• As you travel down the Bitterroot Valley, imagine the ice-age scene: a lake hundreds of feet deep lapping
Mountains on the Move Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Barry Swackhamer, May 11, 2018
2. Mountains on the Move Marker
onto the base of the mountains on either side of the valley and icebergs breaking off from the glaciers flowing in the from the Bitterroots
 
Erected by Montana Department of Transportation.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: Natural Features.
 
Location. 45° 50.172′ N, 113° 58.782′ W. Marker is near Sula, Montana, in Ravalli County. Marker can be reached from U.S. 93 near East Fork Road (State Highway 472), on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 7060 US Highway 93, Sula MT 59871, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 10 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Survival (here, next to this marker); First Impressions (here, next to this marker); The Great Clearing (a few steps from this marker); Join the Voyage of Discovery (a few steps from this marker); Ross' Hole (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Lewis and Clark at Ross' Hole (about 300 feet away); Big Horn Sheep Conservation (approx. 2.3 miles away); Salmon River Scenic Byway (approx. 10 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sula.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 22, 2018. It was originally submitted on September 22, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 186 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 22, 2018, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.

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Apr. 16, 2024