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Woodbridge in Middlesex County, New Jersey — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Dr. Fred Albee & U.S. General Hospital No. 3

 
 
Dr. Fred Albee & U.S. General Hospital No. 3 Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, October 20, 2018
1. Dr. Fred Albee & U.S. General Hospital No. 3 Marker
Inscription.  
The world’s first orthopedic hospital was established in Colonia in 1918 by surgeon Fred Houdlett Albee (1876-1945), a 20th-century medical pioneer whose discoveries still benefit millions today. A native of Maine, De. Albee earned his M.D. from Harvard University Medical School in 1903 and three years later performed his first successful bone-grafting operation. In 1911, he discovered a method for using bone instead of metal to perform a spinal fusion; in 1912, he invented the “Albee Bone Mill,” a machine that reduced the time needed for a bone graft to as little as 10 minutes.

During World War I, Dr. Albee served in the U.S. Army Medical Corps, employing advanced surgical techniques in countless amputations at field hospitals in France. He returned to the U.S. to open United States General Hospital No. 3 on land owned by Charles Freeman along New Dover Road. The hospital consisted of 110 buildings on 200 acres, constructed in two months at a cost of $3.5 million. The facility included 18 wards, 5 mess halls and kitchens, a 50’ x 100’ swimming pool, fire department, telephone exchange with 20 extensions and a half
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million dollar central heating plant that consumed 65 tons of coal daily.

As Organizing Director and Chief Surgeon, Dr. Albee implemented a holistic program for physical, psychological and occupational rehabilitation of wounded soldiers. Of the 6,000 soldiers treated, only 17 deaths occurred. After the hospital closed in 1919, Dr. Albee lobbied for creation of the New Jersey Commission for Rehabilitation and served as chairman for 28 years. In 1939, he was awarded the New Jersey Distinguished Service Cross; in 1943, he published his autobiography, A Surgeon’s Fight to Rebuild Men.

More information visit www.wthpc.org
Woodbridge Township Historic Preservation Commission
Mayor John E. McCormac Woodbridge Township 2013
 
Erected 2013 by Woodbridge Township Historic Preservation Commission.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Science & MedicineWar, World I. A significant historical year for this entry is 1918.
 
Location. 40° 33.343′ N, 74° 17.491′ W. Marker is in Woodbridge, New Jersey, in Middlesex County. Marker is on S Park Drive, on the left when traveling east. The marker is in the Marion and Norman Tanzman Recreation Area. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Woodbridge NJ 07095, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Bloomfield House c. 1750 (within shouting distance of this
Dr. Fred Albee & U.S. General Hospital No. 3 Marker site image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, October 20, 2018
2. Dr. Fred Albee & U.S. General Hospital No. 3 Marker site
The marker is the middle one on this stretch of S Park Drive.
marker); Cooper’s Dairy Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); Captain Henrik Kurt Carlsen (within shouting distance of this marker); Colonia Triangle & Colonia Library (within shouting distance of this marker); Leisure in the Good Old Days (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Colonia Country Club (about 300 feet away); St. Anthony of Padua Parish, Port Reading (about 400 feet away); Star Eagle Section (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Woodbridge.
 
Dr. Fred Albee & U.S. General Hospital No. 3 Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, October 20, 2018
3. Dr. Fred Albee & U.S. General Hospital No. 3 Marker
U.S. General Hospital No. 3
Inset image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, October 20, 2018
4. Inset
Dr. Fred Albee
Inset image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Larry Gertner, October 20, 2018
5. Inset
U.S. General Hospital No. 3 layout
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 27, 2018. It was originally submitted on November 26, 2018, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 641 times since then and 26 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on November 26, 2018, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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Feb. 23, 2024