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Sainte-Flavie in La Mitis, Québec — Central Canada (French-Canadian)
 

La grange à dîme / The Tithe Barn

Sainte-Flavie, "Porte de la Gaspésie"

 
 
<i>La grange à dîme / The Tithe Barn</i> Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., August 16, 2018
1. La grange à dîme / The Tithe Barn Marker
Inscription.  

Un patrimoine à conserver

Dans le langage courant du XIXe siècle, on l'appelait aussi « hangar à grains ». L'état actuel des recherches historiques ne permet pas d'établir avec précision le moment de la construction de la grange à dîme de Sainte-Flavie. On peut malgré tout estimer sa construction aux environs de 1857. Mais qu'est-ce que la dîme ? Il s'agissait d'un impôt que les pariossiens payaient à l'Église en nature. Celui-ci avait pour but de soustraire les curés du travail de la terre. Les paysans lui donnaient alors une partie de leur récolte. La grange à dîme servait donc à entreposer les grains et patates reçus. À Sainte-Flavie, la dîme a été perçue jusque dans les années 1940. Par la suite, la grange a servi de garage et d'entrepôt.

Au plan architectural, on constate d'emblée qu'il s'agit d'une construction modeste. Celle-ci a été érigée entièrement en bois. À l'époque, les murs extérieurs étaient recouverts de planches à feuillures, matériau disponible en abondance dans la région. À l'intérieur, on remarque les grandes poutres de bois équarri qui composent la structure.

Soucieux de

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la conservation du patrimoine, le conseil municipal compte bien préserver le bâtiment puisqu'il en est aujourd'hui le propriétaire. D'autant plus que la plupart des granges à dîme du Québec sont disparues du paysage. En effet, nombreuses sont celles qui ont été démolies ou qui ont été la proie des flammes. À la suite d'une restauration minutieuse, le petit bâtiment abritera un centre d'interprétation de la dîme et un musée de la paléontologie. La grange qui se caractérise tant par son architecture particulière que par sa rareté se trouve ainsi protégée pour les années à venir.

[Légendes des photos, dans le sens des aiguilles d'une montre à partir du centre, lire]
• Voilà à quoi ressemblait la grange à dîme avant sa restauration et son déménagement sur son site actuel (1985).

• Des casiers à grains, au dernier étage de la grange à dîme.

• Vers 1930, un agriculteur travaillant à proximité de la grange à dîme, située au centre de la photographie.

[English translation]

A heritage to keep

In common nineteenth century parlance, it was also called the "grain shed." The current state of historical research does not make it possible to establish precisely the time of construction of the Sainte-Flavie tithe barn, but estimates place its construction around 1857. But what was tithing? It was an in-kind tax that

<i>La grange à dîme / The Tithe Barn</i> et/and Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., August 16, 2018
2. La grange à dîme / The Tithe Barn et/and Marker
parishioners paid to the church. It was intended to remove priests from working the land since farmers gave the priests part of their harvest. The tithe barn was used to store the donated grain and potatoes. In Sainte-Flavie, the tithe was collected until the 1940s. Subsequently, the barn served as a garage and warehouse.

Architecturally, from the outset the barn was of modest construction. This one was built entirely in wood. At the time, the outer walls were covered with rabbet planks, an abundant material available in the area. Inside, there are large squared wooden beams that make up the frame.

Concerned about heritage conservation, the city council intended to preserve the building since it had become its owner, especially since most of the tithe barns in Quebec have disappeared from the landscape; many have been demolished or fell prey to the flames. Following a careful restoration, the small building will house a tithing interpretation center and a museum of paleontology. The barn, which is characterized by both its particular architecture and its rarity, is thus protected for years to come.

[Photo captions, clockwise from the top center, read]
• This was what the tithe barn looked like before it was restored and moved to its current location (1985).

• Grain bins on the top floor of the tithe barn.

• Taken around 1930, a farmer

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working near the tithe barn, located in the center of the photograph.

 
Erected by Municipalité de Sainte-Flavie.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: AgricultureCharity & Public WorkChurches & ReligionSettlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1857.
 
Location. 48° 36.638′ N, 68° 13.751′ W. Marker is in Sainte-Flavie, Québec, in La Mitis. Marker is on route Flavie-Drapeau just east of route de la Mer, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 507 route de la Mer, Sainte-Flavie QC G0J 2L0, Canada. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. L'église de Sainte-Flavie Church (within shouting distance of this marker); Le presbytère / The Rectory (within shouting distance of this marker); La maison du bedeau / The Sexton's House (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); La Vielle Auberge / The Old Inn (about 90 meters away); Le magasin général / The General Store (about 90 meters away); La maison Langlois (about 120 meters away); Place Clément-Chouinard Plaza (approx. 0.6 kilometers away); Les Jardins de Métis (approx. 7.7 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Sainte-Flavie.
 
Also see . . .
1. Un peu d'histoire sur Sainte-Flavie. (Submitted on January 22, 2019, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
2. Tithe Barn at Wikipedia. (Submitted on January 22, 2019, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
Additional keywords. La grange à dîme / The Tithe Barn
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 22, 2019. It was originally submitted on January 22, 2019, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 169 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 22, 2019, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.

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Mar. 2, 2024