Wallula in Walla Walla County, Washington — The American West (Northwest)
Fort Nez Percés / Fort Walla Walla
The trading posts at Wallula were on the north bank of the mouth of the Walla Walla River, now inundated by the backwaters of McNary Dam. The stones placed in the ground where you stand were recovered from the foundations of the old forts before the area was flooded. The closest accessible
Erected by Walla Walla 2020.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Exploration • Forts or Castles • Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers.
Location. 46° 5.067′ N, 118° 54.576′ W. Marker is in Wallula, WashingtonTouch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Wallula WA 99363, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 6 other markers are within 11 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Here Stood Fort Nez Perce (here, next to this marker); Fort Walla Walla (a few steps from this marker); The History of Wallula (approx. 2.4 miles away); Lewis and Clark Trail (approx. 10.3 miles away); Ainsworth (approx. 10.8 miles away); Sacagawea (approx. 10.8 miles away).
More about this marker. Marker is a framed composite plaque, mounted horizontally on a waist-high metal post.
Also see . . .
1. Fort Nez Percés. Constructed on the east bank of the Columbia River, Fort Nez Percés was half a mile north of the mouth of the Walla Walla River and a few miles below the mouth of the Snake River. The location was chosen for its strategic geographic value. The nearby Walla Walla Valley had long been an important rendezvous point for parties working several peripheral fur districts. Essentially all company exports and supplies passed through the Columbia Gorge. The location of Fort Nez Percés at the eastern end of this trunk line to the ocean made it the most important post in the interior. In addition, increasing tensions from occupying the homelands of the local Native Americans necessitated a permanent fortified post. (Submitted on February 3, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. North West Company builds Fort Nez Percés on future site of Wallula in 1818. Donald McKenzie supervised the erection of a palisade of planks, 20 feet high and six inches thick. Bastions at each corner housed cannon and 200 gallons of water apiece in the event of siege. The establishment was dubbed The Gibraltar of the Columbia. Alexander Ross was the first factor for the post. The post was abandoned during the Indian War of 1855-1856. The site became the town of Wallula. (Submitted on February 3, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
3. Fort Nez Percés. This drawing of fur trading at Fort Nez Perce (also known as Fort Walla Walla) was drawn by Joseph Drayton, one of several artists hired for a United States naval expedition led by Lieutenant Charles Wilkes from 1838 to 1842. The drawing depicts Archibald Mckinley, chief trader for the Hudson’s Bay Company at Fort Nez Perce, inspecting pelts for trade presented by Indian women. The wooden fort depicted in this drawing was destroyed by fire in 1841. The fort was rebuilt primarily of adobe and continued to be (Submitted on February 3, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
4. Walla Walla 2020 Historic Research Hub. (Submitted on February 3, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on February 4, 2019. It was originally submitted on February 2, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 121 times since then and 20 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on February 3, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.