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Percé in Le Rocher-Percé, Québec — Central Canada (French-Canadian)
 

Artistes

 
 
Artistes Marker (front) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., August 17, 2018
1. Artistes Marker (front)
Inscription.  

[De face]

Images

La première image connue de Percé vient d'un cartographe français du XVIIe siècle. Il faut attendre près d'une siècle pour voir apparaître, vers 1760, une gravure de Hervey Smyth, artiste militaire faisant partie des troupes de Wolfe. Celle-ci représente le rocher alors percé de deux arches. C'est dire comme ces rares images nous en apprennent beaucoup !

Licence

Dans la seconde moitié du XIXe siècle, avec la vogue de la peinture en plein air, la Gaspésie attire de plus en plus d'artistes qui s'attardent parfois à Percé. Tant et si bien qu'un règlement municipal, voté en 1862, impose aux peintres qui prolongent leur séjour au-delà de deux ou trois mois une licence de six dollars.

James

Vers 1887, le peintre américain Frederick James fait construire sur le cap Canon qui surplombe le rocher une magnifique villa aujourd'hui indissociable du paysage de Percé. Il y reçoit à plusieurs reprises des artistes américains reconnus comme Georgia O'Keefe. Dans son studio, il peint de nombreux tableaux représentant Percé, jusqu'à sa mort

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en 1907.

[Légende de la photo en haut à gauche]
Percé, vers 1900. Peinture : Frederick James.

[Légende de la photo en bas à gauche]
Vue du rocher Percé, vers 1760. Gravure : Hervey Smyth.

[Retour]

Actuel

Depuis 1983, le musée Le Chafaud permet notamment de découvrir les œuvres d'artistes importants inspirés par Percé. Pendant l'été, des peintres et des sculpteurs accueillent les visiteurs dans leur atelier ou exposent dans des galeries d'art de la région. Enfin, depuis 2007, l'Université Laval reçoit dans l'ancienne villa du peintre Frederick James l'école internationale d'été de Percé.

À vous

À l'époque du numérique et d'Internet, les images de Percé se multiplient et se répandent à travers le monde à un rythme effarant. Insaisissables. Et vous, quelles images emporterez-vous et garderez-vous de votre visite à Percé ? À votre tour, qu'est-ce que ces lieux extraordinaires vous auront inspiré ?

Clichés

Dès ses débuts, la photographie attire à Percé de nombreux photographes réputés comme Louis Bienvenu ou William Notman. Même un peintre, Paul-Émile Borduas, travaille ici comme photographe en 1938 et laisse d'inoubliables clichés. En 1950, pour le magazine Vogue, la célèbre photographe américaine Lida Moser saisit à Percé de lumineuses images.

Poètes

Percé inspire

Artistes Marker (back) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., August 17, 2018
2. Artistes Marker (back)
également les écrivains et les poètes comme Rina Lasnier ou Robert Choquette. En août 1944, André Breton, le père du surréalisme, séjourne en ces lieux. Évoquant le rocher, il écrit que « s'épure en lui l'image d'une nef toujours impérieusement commandée. À bord, tout signale le coup d'œil infaillible du capitaine, mais d'un capitaine qui serait un magicien aussi ».

Centre

En 1956, le couple d'artistes Suzanne Guité et Alberto Tommi aménage dans une ancienne grange de la compagnie Robin le Centre d'art de Percé. On y trouve un petit théâtre, une galerie d'exposition, un cinéma et différents ateliers. Le Centre devient le lieu de rencontre de presque tous les artistes québécois de l'époque, débutant dans les beaux-arts, le théâtre et la chanson.

[Légende de la photo en haut à gauche]
Percé, 1950. Photographe : Lida Moser.

[Légende de la photo en bas à gauche]
Percé, 1950. Suzanne Guité fait le portrait de son mari, Alberto Tommi.

———————————————

[Front]

Every picture...

The first known image of Percé dates back to a 17th century French cartographer. And it was not until close to a century later, around 1760, that an engraving was made by Hervey Smyth, one of Wolfe's men. The engraving

Artistes Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., August 17, 2018
3. Artistes Marker
shows the Rock with two arches. Talk about every picture telling a story!

License

Outdoor painting was much in vogue in the second half of the 19th century and the Gaspé Peninsula began to attract more and more artists, some of whom would linger for long periods in Percé. Indeed, the village became so popular that a municipal by-law of 1862 imposed a license fee of $6 on all painters staying more than two or three months.

James

Around 1887, the American painter Frederick James had a splendid villa constructed atop Cape Canon overlooking the Rock. Today it's difficult to imagine how the village would look without it. Many famous American artists—including Georgia O'Keefe—were his guests, and it was there in his studio that he painted Percé until his death in 1907.

[Top left photo caption]
Percé, circa 1900. Painting: Frederick James.

[Bottom left photo caption]
Percé Rock, circa 1769. Engraving: Hervey Smyth.

[Back]

Present day

Since 1983, Musée Le Chafaud has been presenting exhibitions featuring works by major artists inspired by Percé. During the summer, painters and sculptors open their studios to visitors or exhibit their art in galleries around the region. And since 2007 Laval University's Faculty of Planning, Architecture, and Visual Arts has hosted

Rocher Percé Rock view from Artistes Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., August 17, 2018
4. Rocher Percé Rock view from Artistes Marker
its International Summer School in Percé in the villa that once belonged to Frederick James.

Over to you

In this digital age, pictures of Percé can travel across the world in an instant-elusive and intangible. Which images of Percé will you take home with you and look back on in years to come? How will these extraordinary surroundings leave their mark on you?

Photographs

From the earliest days of photography, Percé attracted scores of [notable] photographers, including Louis Bienvenu and William Notman. Even the painter Paul-Émile Borduas worked here as a photographer in 1938, leaving a set of unforgettable photos behind. And in 1950 respected American photographer Lida Moser took a series of luminous shots for Vogue magazine.

Poets

Percé was also a great source of inspiration for writers and poets such as Rina Lasnier and Robert Choquette. In August 1944 André Breton, the father of surrealism, visited the region. He wrote that the Rock "evoked in him the image of a vessel forever under imperious command. On board, everything points to the captain's eye, a captain who also appears to be something of a magician."

Front and center

In 1956 artist Suzanne Guité and her husband Albert Tommi set up the Percé Art Center in an old barn belonging to the Robin company. It held a small theater, a gallery,

Rocher Percé Rock image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., August 17, 2018
5. Rocher Percé Rock
a cinema, and various studios. The center became a gathering place for the who's who of up-and coming Québec visual artists, singers, and theater actors.

[Top left photo caption]
Percé, 1950. Photo: Lida Moser.

[Bottom left photo caption]
Percé, 1950. Suzanne Guité paints a portrait of her husband, Alberto Tommi.
 
Erected by Ville de Percé, Government of Canada, Government of Quebec, et al. (Marker Number 5.)
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Arts, Letters, MusicEnvironmentSettlements & Settlers. A significant historical year for this entry is 1760.
 
Location. 48° 31.567′ N, 64° 12.616′ W. Marker is in Percé, Québec, in Le Rocher-Percé. Marker is on rue Blard, 0.1 kilometers east of Québec Route 132, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 16 rue Blard, Percé QC G0C 2L0, Canada. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 7 other markers are within 11 kilometers of this marker, measured as the crow flies. A Rock Forever Sculpted by Time and Tide (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Percé Great War Memorial (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Percé World War II Monument (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); William Edmond Logan (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); 350ᵉ anniversaire de la visite de François de Montmorency-Laval

Percé Rock Caution Sign near Artistes Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By William Fischer, Jr., August 17, 2018
6. Percé Rock Caution Sign near Artistes Marker
(approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Edmund James Flynn (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); War Memorial (approx. 11.3 kilometers away).
 
Also see . . .  Frederick James (1845-1907). (Submitted on February 12, 2019, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on August 11, 2020. It was originally submitted on February 12, 2019, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 144 times since then and 17 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on February 12, 2019, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania.

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May. 27, 2024