Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Gardner in Johnson County, Kansas — The American Midwest (Upper Plains)
 

Eye of the Needle

 
 
Eye of the Needle Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, June 10, 2012
1. Eye of the Needle Marker
Inscription.  "This morning we passed the road to Oregon that leaves, about eight miles from Round Grove, the Santa Fe Road, and turns to the right towards the Kansas. A way post had been put there, marked "Road to Oregon." —Dr. Frederick A. Wislizenus, May 24, 1846

The historic junction of three great western frontier trails; the Santa Fe Trail, the Oregon Trail, and the California Trail is located approximately one-half mile to the north. To the southwest lay the Santa Fe Trail and to the northwest was the road to Oregon and California.

By 1827, freight wagons loaded with goods and commodities were traveling between the Missouri River frontier and Mexico’s provincial capital at Santa Fe. A single event that year determined the location of this historic junction and foreshadowed the creation of the Oregon and California trails. Fur trappers William Sublette and Moses "Black” Harris, returning from a 1,500 mile journey to the northern Rocky Mountains, came down the Kansas River Valley and encountered the Santa Fe Trail near here and followed it east to the settlements at Independence and St. Louis.

Between
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
Click or scan to see
this page online
the late 1830s and the early 1850s, as many as 200,000 emigrants may have passed through this gateway in order to start a new life in the Oregon Territory or to take a chance seeking their fortune in the gold fields of California. During this same period, thousands of freighters loaded with commodities were also rumbling through this junction heading to and from the markets at Santa Fe. When William Sublette turned south from the Kansas River toward the path of the Santa Fe Trail, he did more than establish an emigrant path to the west, he created a “landmark.”
 
Erected by Santa Fe, Oregon and California National Historic Trails, City of Gardner and National Park Service.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & CommerceRoads & VehiclesSettlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the California Trail, the Oregon Trail, and the Santa Fe Trail series lists. A significant historical date for this entry is May 24, 1846.
 
Location. 38° 47.79′ N, 94° 57.734′ W. Marker is in Gardner, Kansas, in Johnson County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of U.S. 56 and West 183rd Street, on the right when traveling west. Marker is located along the west side of the walkway loop in Gardner Junction Park. Touch for map
Marker detail: <i>When Wagon Trails Were Dim</i>, by Charles M. Russell image. Click for full size.
Courtesy of the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum, Oklahoma City, OK
2. Marker detail: When Wagon Trails Were Dim, by Charles M. Russell
. Marker is at or near this postal address: 32505 West 183rd Street, Gardner KS 66030, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Following Their Dreams (here, next to this marker); Apprehension and Conflict (within shouting distance of this marker); From Prairie Schooners to Locomotives (within shouting distance of this marker); A Look Back in Time (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named A Look Back in Time (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named A Look Back in Time (within shouting distance of this marker); Overland Trails (approx. 1.9 miles away); The Herman B. Foster Home (approx. 2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Gardner.
 
Also see . . .  William Sublette (Wikipedia). William Lewis Sublette, (1798-1845), was an American frontiersman, trapper, fur trader, explorer, and mountain man. With his four brothers, after 1823 he became an agent of the Rocky Mountain Fur Company. Later he became one of the company's co-owners, exploiting the riches of the Oregon Country. He helped settle and improve the best routes for migrants along the Oregon Trail. (Submitted on March 24, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Marker detail: Journal entries image. Click for full size.
3. Marker detail: Journal entries
We left today the great Santa Fe thoroughfare, one of the best natural roads in the world, extending through a vast extent of Prairie, so level that the dashing rains which wash, and keep constantly out of repair, roads in more hilly country, have no effect on this great highway of nature, but to produce a little mud for a few hours, when the water disappears being absorbed by thee peculiar sod on which it descends."
— Samuel Rutherford Dundass, May 1, 1849

About noon today we left the Santa Fee trace these are two of the longest roads that are perhaps the world.
— James Clyman

It was raining this morning and we did not start to 9 and in 8 miles came to where the Santa Fe road leaves the old Orregon trail. It still continued to rain and the roads became somewhat heavy.
— James Pritchard, 1849

We are now camped on Bull creek a short distance from the forks of the road one to Santa Fee and other to Salt Lake via Forts to California and Oregon.
— Edmund Hinde, 1850
Eye of the Needle Marker (<i>wide view; West 183rd Street in background</i>) image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Cosmos Mariner, June 10, 2012
4. Eye of the Needle Marker (wide view; West 183rd Street in background)
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 24, 2019. It was originally submitted on March 23, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 451 times since then and 53 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on March 24, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Share this page.  
Share on Tumblr
m=131352

CeraNet Cloud Computing sponsors the Historical Marker Database.
This website earns income from purchases you make after using our links to Amazon.com. We appreciate your support.
Paid Advertisement
Jun. 20, 2024