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San Felipe in Municipality of San Felipe, Guanajuato, Mexico — The Central Highlands
 

Plaza Aquiles Serdán

 
 
Plaza Aquiles Serdán Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 18, 2019
1. Plaza Aquiles Serdán Marker
Inscription.  

Plaza Aquiles Serdan
inaugurada por el C.
Presidente de la Republica Mexicana
Lic. Jose Lopez Portillo
siendo Gobernador del Estado
El C. Lic. Enrique Velasco Ibarra
San Felipe, Gto. 16 de enero, 1982

English translation:
Plaza Aquiles Serdán
inaugurated by the President of the Mexican Republic José López Portillo, together with the State Governor Enrique Velasco Ibarra
San Felipe, Guanajuato. January 16, 1982
 
Erected 1982.
 
Topics. This memorial is listed in these topic lists: Civil RightsWars, Non-US.
 
Location. 21° 28.532′ N, 101° 12.993′ W. Marker is in San Felipe, Guanajuato, in Municipality of San Felipe. Memorial is on Jardín Serdán just east of Francisco I. Madero, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: San Felipe, Guanajuato 37600, Mexico. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Founding of San Felipe, Guanajuato (within shouting distance of this marker); Miguel Hidalgo in San Felipe (approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Hidalgo's Priesthood in San Felipe
Plaza Aquiles Serdán Marker image. Click for full size.
By J. Makali Bruton, March 18, 2019
2. Plaza Aquiles Serdán Marker
The marker can be seen mounted to this bandstand in a small park.
Click or scan to see
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(approx. 0.3 kilometers away); Hidalgo's Proclamation of Independence (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); 1936 San Felipe Massacre (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); José Práxedis Gilberto Guerrero Hurtado (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); Benito Juárez in San Felipe (approx. 0.4 kilometers away); The Route of Hidalgo (approx. 1.2 kilometers away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in San Felipe.
 
Regarding Plaza Aquiles Serdán. Aquiles Serdán Alatriste (2 November 1876 – 18 November 1910), born in the city of Puebla, Puebla, was a supporter of the Mexican Revolution led by Francisco I. Madero.

His family was politically active and involved. His grandfather, Miguel C. Alatriste, was a strong liberal during the Reform, and served as governor of the state of Puebla in 1857. During the French Intervention, Alatriste fought against the invaders and their Mexican conservative allies, was captured and executed. His father, Manuel Serdán, was one of the founders of the Partido Socialista Mexicano (Mexican Socialist Party), and co-authored agrarian reform laws. Manuel Serdán disappeared, perhaps murdered by authorities.

Aquiles
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Serdán was a shoemaker by trade, as was his father, Manuel Serdán. He read Francisco I. Madero's 1909 book, The Presidential Succession of 1910, in which Madero laid out the problems of Mexico under Porfirio Díaz's rule and called for open elections. Serdán corresponded with Madero and organized an Anti-Reelectionist Club in the city of Puebla, joined mainly by textile workers. He became a revolutionary, opposing Díaz. Serdán was arrested by Díaz's government, spending October - December 1909 in prison.

He actively campaigned for Madero in the 1910 presidential elections, but when Madero was arrested and fraudulent elections held, Serdán left for the United States. When Madero escaped jail in 1910 and issued the Plan of San Luis Potosí, which called for rebellion throughout Mexico on November 20, 1910, Serdán returned to Puebla to organize revolution there. He and his brother Máximo bought arms and raised support from men to bear them. His sister Carmen Serdán went to San Antonio, Texas, a center of exiled Mexican revolutionaries, and obtained 20,000 pesos for the rebellion.

The Díaz government got wind of the Serdán's revolutionary activities and the Puebla police chief and men under his command came to the Serdán family home, where violence ensued on 18 November 1910. Serdán, his brother Máximo, and his wife, mother, and sister Carmen, along with nine men, defended
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the house. Although he had hopes that the city of Puebla would rise, it did not and the government forces killed Serdán, losing 158 of its own men. When Madero heard of Serdán's death, he is reported to have said, "It does not matter. They have shown us how to die."

The northern municipality of Aquiles Serdán, Chihuahua, was renamed in his honor in 1932; he is also remembered by the Aquiles Serdán Metro stop, a station on the Mexico City Metro. His house on Santa Clara Street in the center of Puebla is a museum and remains as he left it the day he was killed. Adapted from Wikipedia
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on April 12, 2019. It was originally submitted on April 12, 2019, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico. This page has been viewed 103 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on April 12, 2019, by J. Makali Bruton of Querétaro, Mexico.

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Jun. 21, 2021