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New York in New York County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Anti-Slavery Work In Federal Era Houses

134-136 Bowery

 
 
Anti-Slavery Work In Federal Era Houses Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, July 22, 2016
1. Anti-Slavery Work In Federal Era Houses Marker
Inscription.  
The twin Federal-era houses at 144/136 Bowery are linked to the Underground Railroad and Abolitionist Movement preceding the Civil War. Among the oldest structures in Manhattan, they were built by the Delaplaine family, with 134 built in the 1790s and 136 built to match it in 1828. They retain their steeply pitched roofs and twin gable dormers. A devout Quaker, Samuel Delaplaine’s 1793 manifesto proclaimed:”…may servitude abolish’d be, As well as Negro-Slavery, To make one LAND of LIBERTY!” Reverend Spencer H. Cone, as abolitionist who lived here in the 1820s, was quoted in The Liberator, an influential anti-slavery newspaper: “I would proclaim liberty throughout the land to all there inhabitants thereof.”
Booksellers and circulating libraries published and distributed anti-slavery literature in these buildings, which also served as boarding houses and possible fugitive-slave safe houses in the 1830s to the 1860s.

In 1872, 134 Bowery became the first of four YMCAs on the Bowery. Partnering with the New York Mission Society, a reading room and the Carmel Chapel were opened, and beds, lodgings
The anti-slavery past of a Bowery house built in the 1790s image. Click for more information.
By Larry Gertner, July 22, 2016
2. The anti-slavery past of a Bowery house built in the 1790s
Ephemeral New York website entry
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and baths were provided to “all persons, without respect to country, creed, color, sex or age.” Famed sculptor Eva Hesse occupied the attic of 134-136 from 1965 until her death in 1970.

-Sally Young, Artist/Teacher/Historian
 
Erected by Bowery Alliance of Neighbors.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Abolition & Underground RRAfrican AmericansArts, Letters, Music. A significant historical year for this entry is 1828.
 
Location. 40° 43.141′ N, 73° 59.686′ W. Marker is in New York, New York, in New York County. Marker is on Bowery near Broomes and Grand Streets, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 134-136 Bowery, New York NY 10013, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Former Bowery Savings Bank (a few steps from this marker); Italian Theatre & Triple-Jointed Wonders (within shouting distance of this marker); From Beaux Arts Bank To Bananas (within shouting distance of this marker); Bowery Savings Bank (within shouting distance of this marker); NYC's Oldest Operating Hotel (within shouting distance of this marker); Faerman’s Cash Registers (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Hi-Tech
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, July 22, 2016
3. Inset
Reverend Spencer H. Cone (1785-1855)
(about 300 feet away); Man Survives Leap From Brooklyn Bridge! (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in New York.
 
More about this marker. One of more than sixty entries in the “Windows on the Bowery” series.
 
Also see . . .  Temperance Meetings and Crooks -- No. 134 Bowery. "Daytonian in Manhattan" entry. (Submitted on March 20, 2020, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York.) 
 
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, July 22, 2016
4. Inset
Postcard image, circa 1900
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, July 22, 2016
5. Inset
Bowery’s first YMCA at 134 Bowery
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 14, 2021. It was originally submitted on April 21, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 148 times since then and 64 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on April 21, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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Oct. 27, 2021