Brooklyn in Kings County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
The Battle of Brooklyn
Revolutionary War Heritage Trail
On July 4, 1776, the Declaration of Independence proclaimed to the world that thirteen British colonies had joined together to create a new nation: the United States of America. Here in Brooklyn, only two months later, the survival of that new nation would be challenged on the field of battle. There had been clashes with the British before, but the Battle of Brooklyn was the debut of the Continental Army and its untested commander-in-chief, Gen. George Washington.
Following a series of setbacks in New England, the British decided to concentrate their forces in and around New York City. Their plan was to put down the rebellion by separating New England from the mid-Atlantic and Southern colonies. Anticipating the British move, the Americans prepared to fight for New York by fortifying Brooklyn Heights and other key locations around the city.
Despite several attempts by the British to negotiate an end to the rebellion, the Americans had no intention of retreating on the question of independence and war was imminent. On August 22, the British began to disembark troops and supplies in Brooklyn.
On August 27 George Washington’s
The tactical and strategic importance of the Battle of Brooklyn to the history of this nation has been overlooked. The battle appears as a historical footnote, perhaps because the Americans lost, perhaps because many of the battle sites were overtaken by urban development.
The Revolutionary War Heritage Trail will finally give the Battle of Brooklyn the recognition it deserves. Eighteen Heritage Trail locations have been selected to mark troop movements, skirmishes, and other actions of the summer of 1776, a time when Kings County consisted of farms, dense forest, oyster ponds and tidewater marshes. Travel back to the days when the “redcoats” came to Brooklyn and American Independence was almost lost before it had begun. Take the Trail and bring the past back to life.
This project was made possible thanks to the combined efforts and financial
Erected by State of New York.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Notable Events • Notable Places • War, US Revolutionary. A significant historical month for this entry is July 1830.
Location. 40° 39.426′ N, 73° 59.399′ W. Marker is in Brooklyn, New York, in Kings County. Marker is on Battle Avenue, on the left when traveling north. Marker is in Green-Wood Cemetery, near Battle Hill on Battle Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Brooklyn NY 11232, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Battle of Brooklyn (here, next to this marker); McDonald (a few steps from this marker); Civil War Soldiers’ Monument (a few steps from this marker); Huntington’s Regiment (within shouting distance of this marker); Triumph on Battle Hill (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle HillAltar to Liberty (within shouting distance of this marker); Van Ness-Parsons Family Tomb (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Brooklyn.
More about this marker. The bottom left of the marker contains a map of Brooklyn indicating the different Heritage Trail sites relating to the Battle of Brooklyn. The right of the marker features a picture of “The Grand Union Flag, also known as the Continental Flag, [which] is the first widely used flag of the United States. It combined the British Union Jack with 13 stripes to signify colonial unity. Although never officially sanctioned by the Continental Congress, the Grand Union was flown from late 1775 until mid 1777.”
Also see . . .
1. Battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776. (Submitted on November 2, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.)
2. The Battle of Long Island 1776. A British perspective of the battle from BritishBattles.com. (Submitted on November 2, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.)
3. The Battle of Brooklyn - August 1776. (Submitted on February 25, 2009, by Kevin W. of Stafford, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on September 17, 2021. It was originally submitted on November 2, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey. This page has been viewed 2,948 times since then and 63 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 2, 2008, by Bill Coughlin of Woodland Park, New Jersey.