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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Near Longwood in Clarke County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Thoburn’s Rescue

Battle of Cool Spring

 

— Early’s 1864 Attack on Washington —

 
Thoburn’s Rescue Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 30, 2019
1. Thoburn’s Rescue Marker
Inscription.  
We “fired ninety rounds at the enemy… across the river.”
—Lt. Jacob H. Lamb, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery.


Across the Shenandoah River from where you stand, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Rodes's division launched multiple attacks against Union Col. Joseph Thoburn's right flank. Union Lt. Jacob H. Lamb's Battery C, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, was posted just behind you. When Thoburn’s situation turned desperate about 6 P.M., Lamb's battery opened fire, together with Battery G, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, and Battery E, 1st West Virginia Artillery, positioned on the bluff a few hundred yards to your left. The barrage from these three batteries helped Thoburn's troops fend off several of Rodes's attacks. While many shells fired from the position behind you hit their targets, some unfortunately fell short and landed among Thoburn's command. The artillery duel continued into the evening, as the Federals withdrew across the river under the cover of darkness. By 9 P.M., the Battle of Cool Spring was over.

A reporter for the New York Herald noted that the fire from the
Thoburn’s Rescue Marker image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 30, 2019
2. Thoburn’s Rescue Marker
Union batteries "somewhat demoralized" the Confederates. The artillerists, in the reporter's estimation, "did some of the best shooting ever seen in modern warfare" despite the shells that fell short.
 
Erected by Shenandoah University, Virginia Civil War Trails.
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list.
 
Location. 39° 8.999′ N, 77° 51.58′ W. Marker is near Longwood, Virginia, in Clarke County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of Parker Lane and Alder Lane, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1400 Parker Lane, Bluemont VA 20135, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Confederate Counterattack and Union Retreat (approx. one mile away); Col. George D. Wells Leads the Way (approx. one mile away); Judge Parker's “Retreat” & the Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 1.1 miles away); Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 1.1 miles away); a different marker also named Battle of Cool Spring (approx. 1.6 miles away); Wickliffe Church (approx. 2.1 miles away); Appalachian Trail and Bears Den
Lamb's Battery image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 30, 2019
3. Lamb's Battery
Lamb’s Battery C, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery, used four 10-pounder Parrott Rifles like these at Cool Spring. Each Weighed approximately 1,800 pounds and was accurate up to 1.4 miles.
Close-up of photo on markers, Courtesy Library of Congress
(approx. 2.4 miles away); The Retreat (approx. 2.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Longwood.
 
Also see . . .  (PDF) Touring the Battle of Cool Spring. This marker is at No.7 on the walking tour. (Submitted on May 2, 2019, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland.) 
 
Gen. Robert E. Rodes image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 30, 2019
4. Gen. Robert E. Rodes
Close-up of photo on marker
Col. Joseph Thoburn image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 30, 2019
5. Col. Joseph Thoburn
Close-up of photo on marker
Maps - You are Here image. Click for full size.
By Allen C. Browne, April 30, 2019
6. Maps - You are Here
Close-up of map on marker
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 11, 2020. It was originally submitted on May 2, 2019, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. This page has been viewed 149 times since then and 10 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on May 2, 2019, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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Feb. 26, 2021