“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Campbellsville in Taylor County, Kentucky — The American South (East South Central)

Morgan's Demand for Surrender

Moore's Refusal

— July 4, 1863 —

Morgan's Demand for Surrender Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tom Bosse, October 13, 2016
1. Morgan's Demand for Surrender Marker
7:00 AM

Situation: Union Colonel Moore's forward rifle-pit was in the ravine to your left. The Confederate forces were on your right preparing to attack.

Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan penned a note and gave it to Lt. Col. Robert A. Alston, his chief of staff. Under a flag of truce, Alston, accompanied by Lt. Col. Joseph T. Tucker and Major William P. Elliot, rode to the center of this field. They were met by the 25th Michigan commander, Col. O. H. Moore, sitting astride his horse, Lion. The note read:

Hd. Qrs. Morgan's Division
In the field, in front of Green
Stockade, July 4th 1863.

To the officers commanding Federal Forces;
At Stockade near Green River Bridge,

In the name of the Confederate States Government I demand an immediate and unconditional surrender of the entire force under your command, together with the Stockade.

I am, Very Respectfully,
Jno. H. Morgan
Comdy. Division Cav. C.S.A.

7 Oclock A.M.

Colonel Moore quietly replied: "Present my compliments to General Morgan and say to him that, this being
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the Fourth of July, I cannot entertain the proposition to surrender."

After shaking hands, Alston replied: "Good bye, Col. Moore, God only knows who may fall first."

The men returned to their sides to await their fate and the fighting began immediately.

Union Pvt. Henry G. Phillips, 25th Michigan, wrote his version of Moore's reply to his sister, July 14, 1863. Phillips died a month later.

"on the 4 of July the old rascal (Morgan) and his whole Division came along and asked us veery politely to Surrender unconditional imeatiatly but oure Galiant Col. told him it was to late to surrender and besides it was the 4 day of July and the Boys wanted to selebrate it."
Union Pvt. Henry G. Phillips
25th Michigan

"Then they turned their horses and galloped away."
-Lt. Benjamin Travis, 25th Michigan

An array of outstanding Confederate leadership was present on this battlefield. Out of sight to the far right, but waiting for Alston, Tucker, and Elliott to return with Moore's reply were Brig. Gen. J.H. Morgan, Col. Basil Duke, Col. Adam R. Johnson, and Lt. Col. D. Howard Smith.
Erected by Kentucky Heartland Civil War Trails Commission.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil.
Morgan's Demand for Surrender Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Tom Bosse, October 13, 2016
2. Morgan's Demand for Surrender Marker
In addition, it is included in the John Hunt Morgan Heritage Trail in Kentucky series list. A significant historical date for this entry is July 4, 1863.
Location. 37° 14.166′ N, 85° 21.039′ W. Marker is near Campbellsville, Kentucky, in Taylor County. Marker is on Tebbs Bend Road, 0.3 miles west of Harley Road, on the right when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Campbellsville KY 42718, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. "No Day to Surrender" (approx. 0.2 miles away); Battle of Green River Bridge (approx. ¼ mile away); Confederate Artillery Position (approx. 0.4 miles away); Independence Day - 1863 (approx. half a mile away); Michigan at Tebbs Bend (approx. half a mile away); "Nobly Did They Die" (approx. half a mile away); Federal Stockade (approx. 0.9 miles away); Green River Bridge / Green River Bridge Skirmish Site (approx. one mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Campbellsville.
Also see . . .  Tebbs Bend-Green River Bridge Battlefield Association. (Submitted on October 31, 2016.)
Credits. This page was last revised on May 20, 2019. It was originally submitted on October 23, 2016, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 352 times since then and 24 times this year. Last updated on May 18, 2019, by Bradley Owen of Morgantown, West Virginia. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on October 23, 2016, by Tom Bosse of Jefferson City, Tennessee. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.

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Sep. 25, 2023