Near Middleburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
The Battle of Middleburg
— Gettysburg Campaign —
After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into Pennsylvania. Union General George G. Meade, who replaced Gen. Joseph Hooker on June 28, led the Army of the Potomac in pursuit. Confederate cavalry commander Gen. J.E.B. Stuart cut Federal communications and rail lines and captured supplies. The armies collided at Gettysburg on July 1, starting a battle that neither general planned to fight there. Three days later, the defeated Confederates retreated, crossing the Potomac River into Virginia on July 14.
The morning of Friday, June 19, 1863, dawned hot, humid, and electric with excitement here at this small cluster of buildings known locally as Mt. Defiance. Shouts and shots echoed here from Middleburg, one mile east, where Union cavalry galloped into the town and flushed out Confederate defenders. The Confederates retreated to this prominent ridge, which became the focus of the Battle of Middleburg. It was one
Just over the Blue Ridge in the distance, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s infantrymen were marching north. Some had already crossed the Potomac River into Maryland, aiming for Pennsylvania. Confederate Gen. James Longstreet’s men, just west of us, hurried along the mountains’ eastern edge to catch up. The engagement here occurred as Confederate Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry blocked Union efforts to locate and attack Lee’s infantry. Two days earlier on June 17, amid intense fighting at Aldie six miles east of here, Stuart’s men had thwarted Union Gen. Alfred Pleasonton’s repeated attempts to thrust his cavalry west across the Loudoun Valley toward the Blue Ridge. On that same bloody day, Confederate guerrilla leader Maj. John Singleton Mosby captured Pleasonton’s orders for the coming week. This enabled Stuart to counter his opponent here and two days later around Upperville, until Lee’s infantrymen were safely across the river.
Follow the markers here at Mt. Defiance to unfold the story of the Battle of Middleburg.
1st Maine Cavalry, June 19, 1863
Gen. J.E.B. Stuart • Gen. Alfred Pleasonton All images courtesy Library of Congress
Your Are Here map
Tour continues with NOVA Parks signs
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is June 19, 1863.
Location. 38° 58.058′ N, 77° 45.778′ W. Marker is near Middleburg, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker can be reached from John Mosby Highway (U.S. 50) west of Zulla Road (Virginia Route 709), on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 35945 John Mosby Highway, Middleburg VA 20117, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named Mount Defiance (within shouting distance of this marker); The Prussian Warrior Heros Von Borcke Goes Down (within shouting distance of this marker); Mt. Defiance, the Turnpike, and Middleburg (within shouting distance of this marker); Horse Artillery at Mt. Defiance (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle Concludes: Buford's Flanking Movement & Stuart's Withdrawal (within shouting distance of this marker); The Battle Begins: Fighting East and Southeast of Mt. Defiance (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Phase Two of the Battle: Fighting Along the Turnpike (about 300 feet away); Battle of Middleburg (approx. ¼ mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Middleburg.
Also see . . . Battle of Middleburg: Mt. Defiance Historic Park. NOVA Parks (Submitted on June 3, 2019.)
Credits. This page was last revised on January 4, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 2, 2019, by T. Elizabeth Renich of Winchester, Virginia. This page has been viewed 315 times since then and 50 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 2, 2019, by T. Elizabeth Renich of Winchester, Virginia. 5, 6. submitted on January 4, 2021, by Allen C. Browne of Silver Spring, Maryland. 7. submitted on June 3, 2019. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.