Manchester Township in York County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Prospect Hill Soldiers' Lot
York at War (center panel)
On April 23, 1861, less than two weeks after Confederate forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, Gov. Andrew G. Curtin established Camp Scott at York, Pennsylvania. By early May, six regiments were lodged in the Odd Fellows Hall and buildings at the fairgrounds. The army recruited or trained all or portions of seventeen Pennsylvania regiments in York.
In June 1862, a U.S. General Hospital was established in the city. Barracks constructed on the public common were adapted to accommodate more than 1,000 beds. The hospital had treated 14,000 patients by the time it closed in summer 1865. Many of the 193 soldiers who died in York were buried at Prospect Hill Cemetery.
During the Gettysburg Campaign, in summer 1863, Confederate forces briefly captured York. Citizens met with Confederate Gen. John Gordon the day before he arrived. They agreed to surrender if Gordon would spare the city. The Confederates occupied York for two days, took money and supplies, but did no damage.
Civil War Dead (left panel)
An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers
On September 11, 1861, the War Department directed officers to keep "accurate and permanent records of deceased soldiers." Federal authority to create military burial grounds came in an Omnibus Act of July 17, 1862. Cemetery sites were chosen where troops were concentrated: camps, hospitals, battlefields, railroad hubs. By 1872, 74 national cemeteries and several soldiers' lots contained 305,492 remains. About 45 percent were unknown.
The U.S. government established soldiers' lots at private cemeteries in northern states. National cemeteries, in contrast, were built throughout the South where most Civil War action occurred. While the army reported dozens of lots containing Union dead in the 1870s, the National Cemetery Administration maintains only fifteen. The number of graves ranges from less than ten to nearly 400 in these lots.
Soldiers’ Lot (right panel)
Prospect Hill Cemetery, a rural-style burial ground, was established in 1849. By 1870, some 163 Union soldiers were interred in a northwest-corner lot. All but two were known. Most graves were marked with wood headboards. A few had marble headstones purchased by family
The Ladies Aid Society and citizens of York raised $3,000 to build a memorial here. A. J. Brashears & Son of York installed it in 1874. The granite base supports a 15-foot-tall bronze soldier. Irish-born sculptor Martin Milmore designed this and many other Civil War monuments found in northern states. The York soldiers' lot, with four cannon, is enclosed by a granite post-and-chain fence.
Erected by U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, National Cemetery Administration.
Topics and series. This memorial is listed in these topic lists: Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Patriots & Patriotism • War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Medal of Honor Recipients, and the National Cemeteries series lists.
Location. 39° 58.395′ N, 76° 43.961′ W. Marker is in Manchester Township, Pennsylvania, in York County. Memorial can be reached from North George Street (Business Interstate 83) south of East 3rd Avenue, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 700 North George Street, York PA 17404, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Civil War Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Philip Livingston (within shouting distance of this marker); Fallen Heroes Memorial (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Interlocking Tower (approx. half a mile away); Statue of Liberty Replica (approx. 0.6 miles away); Memorial Bench in Memory of Police Officer Henry C. Schaad (approx. 0.6 miles away); Memorial Bench in Memory of Ms. Lillie Belle Allen (approx. 0.6 miles away); Liberty Garden (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Manchester Township.
More about this marker. Prospect Hill Soldiers' Lot is located in section A, lot 689, of Prospect Hill Cemetery (near the main entrance).
Also see . . . Prospect Hill Cemetery Soldiers' Lot. The exact date of the establishment of the soldiers' lot is unknown, but records indicate that the first burials occurred as early as 1862, and were most likely soldiers who died at the local hospital. Originally located on the west slope of Prospect Hill, the soldiers' lot was later moved to a more favorable location on the eastern slope. (Submitted on June 11, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on January 7, 2021. It was originally submitted on June 11, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 104 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 11, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. 6, 7. submitted on June 13, 2019, by Don Morfe of Baltimore, Maryland. 8, 9. submitted on June 11, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.