Elizabethtown in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Grist Mill Process
The Groff, Stauffer, Binkley Mill was most likely steam powered but many of the local mills were run on a water stream's flow and water pressure as depicted here.
Standard Mill Mechanisms (panel 1)
Grain Bin Chute Elevator Grain Feed Winnower Flour Bin Head Gear Overshot Water Wheel
Millstones, Cover & Grist Hopper (panel 2)
Grist for the Millstones: Whole Oats Wheat Grain Dried Corn Rye Seed
Two Stones are inside a cover skirt. The bottom one stands still, while the upper one turns around. The upper stone is called the runner.
Flour fell out from the stones at the cover skirt.
Quarter Dress Stone Pattern diagram (panel 3)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Agriculture • Industry & Commerce • Man-Made Features.
Location. 40° 8.799′ N, 76° 36.19′ W. Marker is in Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania, in Lancaster County. Marker is at the intersection of West Bainbridge Street and South Market Street Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 406 South Market Street, Elizabethtown PA 17022, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Millstone Plaza History (here, next to this marker); Nissley / Kobel Historic Cemetery (approx. 0.3 miles away); In Memoriam (approx. 0.3 miles away); Elizabeth Area Veterans Memorial (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Shoe Industry in Elizabethtown (approx. 0.3 miles away); Changes in Elizabethtown (approx. 0.4 miles away); Design of Elizabethtown (approx. 0.4 miles away); Barnabas and Elizabeth Hughes (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Elizabethtown.
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Elizabethtown Millstone Plaza History
Also see . . .
1. The Grist Milling Process. After the American Revolution, the milling of flour grew to be Pennsylvania's most important export industry. The heart of a grist mill was its grinding stones. Millstones were made of ordinary granite or sandstone, quarried in full-size chunks. Each member of the pair had to be furrowed. The runner stone had furrows cut on the bottom and the bed stone had patterns cut on the top. Stones varied (Submitted on June 12, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. Gristmill (Wikipedia). Farmers brought their own grain and received back ground meal or flour, minus a percentage called the "miller's toll." Early mills were almost always built and supported by farming communities and the miller received the "miller's toll" in lieu of wages. Most towns and villages had their own mill so that local farmers could easily transport their grain there to be milled. (Submitted on June 12, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on November 28, 2023. It was originally submitted on June 11, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 504 times since then and 175 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on June 12, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.