“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Philadelphia in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)

William Penn

William Penn Marker & Timeline Part 1 image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, January 6, 2019
1. William Penn Marker & Timeline Part 1
By liberty of conscience we understand not only a mere liberty of the mind, but the exercise of a visible way of worship this day my country was confirmed to me by the name of Pennsylvania. My God will, I believe, bless and make it the seed of a nation

Son of an Admiral william Sonn of william pen & margaret his wife of the Tower Liberty --Parish Register, All Hallows-by-the Tower, London 1655

Expelled from Oxford
Of my persecution at Oxford; how the Lord sustained me in the midst of that hellish darkness and debauchery; of my being banished the College. The bitter usage I underwent when I returned to my Father, whipping, beating, and turning out of doors.

Become a Quaker
Of the Lord's dealings with me in France; and in the time of the great plague in London; the deep sense He gave me of the vanity of this world; of the irreligiousness of the religions of it. It was at this time, that the Lord visited me with a certain sound and testimore of His eternal word through one of those the world called a Quaker.

Religious Freedom in a Time of Intolerance

William Penn Marker & Timeline, Part 2 image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, January 6, 2019
2. William Penn Marker & Timeline, Part 2
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you would God and worship and serve God, you must come to the means He has given for that purpose. Some seek it in books, some in learned men, but what they look for is in themselves though not of themselves, but they overlook it.

Defended of the Friends
Let the winds of imagination blow, the storms of persecution beat, and the sea of raging malice foam...we shall still confide and rejoice in that everlasting Holy God Almighty! My prison shall be my grave before I budge a jot, for I owe my conscience to no mortal man. (From the Tower of London, 1668)

Pennsylvania, the "Holy Experiment"

For my country, I eyed the Lord in obtaining it, and desire that I may not be unworthy of His love; but do that, which my answer His kind Providence, and serve His truth and people; that an example may be set up to the nations. There may be room there, though not here, for such an holy experiment.

Philadelphia is at last laid out in the great content of those here. The situation is a neck of land, and lies between two navigable rivers, Delaware and Schuylkill, whereby it has two fronts upon the water, each a mile, and two from river to river.

Friend of Indians
When the purchase was agreed, great promises passed between us of kindness and good neighborhood, and the Indians and English must live
William Penn Marker & Timeline, Part 3 image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, January 6, 2019
3. William Penn Marker & Timeline, Part 3
in love, as long as the sun gave light.

The air is sweet and clear, the heavens serene, like the south part of France, rarely overcast. The people are a collection of diverse nations in Europe, as, French, Dutch, German, Swedes, Danes, Finns, Scotch, Irish and English, and of the last equal to all the rest. But as they are of one kind, and in one place and under one allegiance, so they live like the people of my country. (A Further Account of the Province, 1685)

Let me be good, and the government can't be bad; it is be ill, they will cure it; but if men be bad, let the government be never so good they will endeaver to warp and spoil it to their turn. (Frame of Government, 1682)

Pacifism in a Time of Wars

Quaker Penn attends the King very close and preached at the Battle in the Tennis Court but the report of his being made one of the King's Privy Council is false, though the King consults him in all matters of moment. --The Duke of Portland, 1686

Fall From Favor
I have been above these three years hunted, up and down, and could never be allowed to live quietly in city or country, even where there was hardly a pretense against me, so that I have not only been unprotected, but persecuted by the government.

Man of Letters
The sovereign princes would,
William Penn Marker & Timeline, Part 4 image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, January 6, 2019
4. William Penn Marker & Timeline, Part 4
for the love of peace and order, agree to meet in a general parliament, and there establish rules of justice to observe one to another and thus to meet yearly, and to be styled the sovereign or imperial diet, parliament, or states of Europe. (An Essay Towards the Present and Future Peace in Europe, 1693)

New Liberties for a Troubled Colony

Slate Roof House

Quarrelling Colony
Cannot more friendly and private courses be taken to set matters to rights in an infant province whose steps are numbered and watched; for the love of God, me and the poor country, be not so governmentish; so noisy and open, in your disaffections.

Charter of Privileges
I do hereby grant and declare that no person or persons inhabiting this province, or territories shall be, in any case, molested or prejudiced in his or their person or estate because of his or their conscientious persuasion or practice, not be compelled to frequent or maintain any religious worship place or ministry contrary to his or their mind.

--Charter of Privilges, 1701

"Man of Sorrows" Memorial
O Pennsylvania, what hast thou not cost me! Above £30,000 more that I ever got from it; two hazardous and most fatiguing voyages, my straits and slavery here, and my son's soul almost! (To James Logan, 1704)

And as his love was great and endeavors
William Penn Marker & Timeline, Part 5 image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, January 6, 2019
5. William Penn Marker & Timeline, Part 5
constant happiness of his friends, countrymen, and fellow-subjects, so was his great tenderness, justice, and love towards the Indians, from first to last, always conspicuous and remarkable. --Testimony of Quaker in Pennsylvania Concerning their Deceased Friend and Governor, William Penn, 1719

Seeds of a Nation
In 1751, Pennsylvania marked the 50th anniversary of Penn's Charter of Privileges by purchasing a new bell for their State House. They inscribed this bell with a Biblical line that commemorated William Penn's greatest legacy that they would soon be called upon to defend for their descendants: "Proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof."

October 14, William Penn born in London Roger Williams receives charter for Rhode Island; secures religious liberties

Has smallpox

Charles I beheaded Oliver Cromwell rules England until his death in 1658

Death of Descartes

Thomas Hobbes writes Leviathan

At Chigwell School, near London, until 1656

In Ireland with his family until 1660

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Religious persecution
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renewed in England under the (Unreadable text)

Expelled from Oxford for religious non-conformity Goes to France to study

England seized New York from the Dutch

Studies law in London England at war with the Netherlands Begins friendship with James, Duke of York The plague in London Admiral Penn victorious in a battle with the Dutch

In Ireland managing family estate Great Fire of London Christopher Penn's plan for reconstruction of London

Becomes a Quaker Imprisoned at Cork for his faith John Milton publishes Paradise Lost

Argues with his father over religion Imprisoned in the Tower of London for preaching Louis XIV begins palace at Versailles

Writes No Cross, No Crown, while in Tower Again visits Ireland Carolina founded; Fundamental Constitutions written by John Locke and the Earl of Shaftesbury Death of Rembrant

Writes the Great Cause of Liberty of Conscience Arrested for preaching in London Imprisoned and tried but acquitted in the (Unreadable text) trial Admiral Penn dies

Imprisoned at (Unreadable text) for preaching First missionary trip to the Netherlands and Germany Works for religious toleration

Charles II's Declaration of Indulgences pardons imprisoned
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Quakers Marries Gulielma Maria Springett War with Netherlands; England victorious in 1674 Preaches and writes for Quaker faith

Death of Moliere

Appears again at Court; renews friendship with the Duke of York

Becomes a trustee for Quaker colony in West New Jersey Wren begins the reconstruction of St. Paul's Cathedral Death of Verineer

King Philip's War with the Indians in New England Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia

Makes Missionary journey to the Netherlands and Gemany Spinoza publishes Ethics

Befriends the radical republican, Algernon Sidney Struggles for religious toleration in England

Petitions Charles II for a colony in America

March 4. Receives Charter for Pennsylvania Addresses letter to the inhabitants of Pennsylvania Appoints William Markham deputy governor Markham summons council at Upland (Chester), beginning Pennsylvania's government Names Philadelphia Charter (Unreadable text) Le Salle explores Mississippi River; claims land for France

Purchases East New Jersey with group of Quakers Penn's mother dies Publishes his Frame of Government for Pennsylvania Site of Pennsbury bought from Delaware Indians The Duke of York grants Delaware to Penn Sails for America October 28. Lands at New Castle, Delaware Visits Chester, Pennsylvania, and the site of Philadelphia a few days later Thomas Holmes begins laying out Philadelphia First Pennsylvania Assembly meets at Chester Quarrel with Lord Baltimore over boundary with Maryland begins

Begins building his manor house at Pennsbury, Bucks County Assembly approves revised Frame of Government Obtains deeds for land from Delaware Indians Germantown funded Rye House plot in London Algernon Sidney executed

Quarrel with Lord Baltimore grows worse (Unreadable text) to England (Unreadable text) Baltimore's (Unreadable text)

King Charles II dies Penn's friend, James, Duke of York, becomes King James II Becomes courtier and lobbies for toleration Birth of Johann Sebastian Bach France (Unreadable text) of the Netherlands, England and (Unreadable text)

Sir Isaac Newton publishes Principia Mathematica

James II overthrown in England's "Glorious Revolution" Suspected of being a traitor and a Jesuit; leaves public life until 1693 John Locke writes Second Treatise on Government

William and Mary become rules of England England's Bill of Rights and Act of Toleration passed Rebellions against Crown in Massachusetts, New York, and Maryland King Williams's War against France

Death of George Fox, founder of Quakerism and Penn's close friend

Deprived of governmental powers over Pennsylvania Salem witch trials

Publishes an Essay Towards the Present and Future Peace of Europe and Some Fruits of Solitude

Pardoned by William III; Pennsylvania's government restored to Penn Penn's wife, Gulielma dies

Marries Hannah Callowhill Death of Penn's favorite son, Springett Assembly adopts Markham's laws, which revise Penn's Frame of Government Proposes Plan for Union of the Colonies

Penn and his family sail for America Lands at Chester

Son, John Penn, born in the Slate Roof House, Philadelphia Pennsbury Manor completed

Philadelphia receives city charter October 28, Grants Charter of Privileges, Pennsylvania's Constitution until 1776. Sails for England

Death of King William III Queen Anne ascends throne Troubled by his profligate son, William Penn, Jr. War of Spanish Succession begins; England at war with France and Spain

Sued by his business manager, Philip Ford, for payment of (Unreadable text)

Birth of Benjamin Franklin

Union of England and Scotland to form Great Britain

Spends time in debtors' prison

Alexander Pope writes Essay on Criticism

Prepares to sell Pennsylvania Partially paralyzed by strokes Hannah Penn acts as governor Birth of Jean Jacques Rousseau

Peace of Utrecht; Great Britain becomes an imperial power

Death of Queen Anne George I ascends throne

July 30, William Penn dies Buried at Jordans, Buckinghamshire Hannah Penn continues to manage Pennsylvania until her sons reach maturity
Erected by Friends of Independence Mall National Historic Park.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial EraNative AmericansSettlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Quakerism series list. A significant historical date for this entry is October 14, 1644.
Location. 39° 56.83′ N, 75° 8.641′ W. Marker is in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia County. Marker is on South Second Street, 0 miles north of Walnut Street, on the right when traveling north. Part of Welcome Park.across the street from the City Tavern (138 S 2nd St, Philadelphia, PA 19106). Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 131 south Second Street, Philadelphia PA 19106, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The names of the streets… (a few steps from this marker); Welcome Park (a few steps from this marker); Hannah Callowhill Penn (within shouting distance of this marker); Slate Roof House (within shouting distance of this marker); Thomas Bond House (within shouting distance of this marker); The City Tavern (within shouting distance of this marker); Fraunces Tavern (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Merchants' Exchange Cupola Restoration (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Philadelphia.
More about this marker. Across the street from the City Tavern (138 S 2nd St, Philadelphia, PA 19106)
Credits. This page was last revised on June 20, 2019. It was originally submitted on June 18, 2019. This page has been viewed 196 times since then and 60 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on June 18, 2019. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.

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May. 20, 2022