Tallahassee in Leon County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
1963 Civil Rights Protest Jail Overflow Site
Throughout the 1950s-1970s, large-scale, nonviolent demonstrations by audacious students attending Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University (FAMU), Florida State University, and the University of Florida, as well as local high school students and Leon County residents, played important roles in the dangerous fight for racial equality. Hundreds of students were arrested in 1960 for participating in sit-in demonstrations at the Woolworth’s and McCrory’s lunch counters in Tallahassee. Priscilla and Patricia Stephens, FAMU students and founding members of Tallahassee’s Congress of Racial Equality (CORE); siblings John and Barbara Broxton; William Larkins; Angela Nance; Merritt Spaulding; Clement Carney; and high schooler Henry Steele chose to serve a 60-day jail sentence instead of posting bail, staging America’s first student-led jail-in protest. Three years of constant protest ensued. From September 14-16, 1963, over 350 demonstrators, mostly FAMU students, were arrested for mass picketing, trespassing, and disturbing the peace. On September 14th, 200 students picketed the segregated Florida Theatre. Police arrested 157.
Erected 2017 by Leon County Commission, Commission Bill Proctor, Florida A&M University, The Carrie Meek-James N. Eaton Southeastern Regional Black Archives and the Florida Department of State. (Marker Number F-986.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Civil Rights. In addition, it is included in the Historically Black Colleges and Universities series list. A significant historical date for this entry is September 14, 1963.
Location. 30° 24.236′ N, 84° 16.83′ W. Marker is in Tallahassee, Florida, in Leon County. Marker is on South Monroe Street, 0.1 miles south of East Paul Russell Road, on the right when traveling north. Marker is at the South Monroe Street entrance to the North Florida Fairgrounds. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Tallahassee FL 32301, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Coach Alonzo "Jake" Gaither Home (approx. 1.3 miles away); Capital City Country Club (approx. 1½ miles away); The Florida A&M University Hospital (1911-1971) (approx. 1½ miles away); Wilhelmina Jakes And Carrie Patterson: Initiators of The Tallahassee Bus Boycott (approx. 1½ miles away); Florida A&M University (approx. 1.6 miles away); a different marker also named The Florida A&M University Hospital (1911-1971) (approx. 1.6 miles away); a different marker also named Florida A&M University (approx. 1.6 miles away); Site of the Pittman Boarding House/Willie and Carrie Pittman (approx. 1.7 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Tallahassee.
Credits. This page was last revised on June 21, 2019. It was originally submitted on June 20, 2019, by Tim Fillmon of Webster, Florida. This page has been viewed 166 times since then and 35 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on June 20, 2019, by Tim Fillmon of Webster, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.