The Newberry Lynchings of 1916
On August 19, 1916, African Americans living in the Jonesville and Newberry communities were lynched. At 2:00 a.m., Constable George Wynne, Dr. L.G. Harris, and G.H. Blount drove to Boisey Long's home in Jonesville to serve a warrant and question him about stolen hogs. Gunfire was exchanged with Long after Wynne and Harris entered the home, and all three men were wounded. Long escaped while the other men were taken for medical help. Wynne's wounds were serious, and he died on the train to a Jacksonville hospital. Wynne was related to the Dudleys, a large local family, and a mob formed at their home. During the search for Long, the mob terrorized other African Americans living in the area, many related to Long. James Dennis, suspected of hiding Long, was shot to death by the mob. Local law enforcement helped the mob round up five African Americans and hold them in the Newberry jail. They were Dennis' brother, Gilbert, and sister, Mary, a pregnant mother of four; Stella Young, Long's partner and mother of his son; Andrew McHenry, Stella's brother; and the Rev. Joshua Baskin, a farmer and pastor. The mob took them from the jail to
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The lynching was national news, and created a spectacle. Men, women, and children came from miles around to view the bodies. On August 21, 1916, Boisey Long surrendered to the Rev. Squire Long, and was turned over to Alachua County Sheriff P.G. Ramsey in Gainesville, Ramsey, afraid of additional mob violence, transferred Long to a jail in Jacksonville. An Alachua County grand jury took up the case on September 6th and investigated the actions of the lynch mob. The grand jury did not find anyone guilty for the lynchings and nobody was ever punished. Long was indicted for the murder of George Wynne. The trial was swift, and after seven minutes of deliberation, the jury issued a guilty verdict. Long was sentenced to death. The headstones of three victims of the Newberry Lynching of 1916, Andrew McHenry, James Dennis, and the Rev. Joshua Baskin, are in the cemetery of the Pleasant Plain United Methodist Church. Many of the victims; descendants still live in the Jonesville community and attend the church, which traces its founding to 1860.
Erected 2018 by The Pleasant Plain United Methodist Church, Patricia Hillard-Nunn, and the Florida Department of State. (Marker Number F-1038.)
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: African Americans • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Churches & Religion • Law Enforcement. A significant historical date for this entry is August 19, 1916.
Location. 29° 40.273′ N, 82° 31.2′ W. Marker is in Newberry, Florida, in Alachua County. Marker is at the intersection of Northwest 166th Street and Northwest 20th Avenue, on the left when traveling north on Northwest 166th Street. Marker sets in front of the cemetery located next to Pleasant Plain UMC. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1910 Northwest 166th Street, Newberry FL 32669, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 6 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Fort Clarke (approx. 4.9 miles away); Lynching in America / Racial Terror Lynchings in Newberry (approx. 5.1 miles away); William Bartram Trail (approx. 5.2 miles away); Forced into Service (approx. 5.4 miles away); Newberry Community Veterans Memorial (approx. 5.8 miles away); City of Newberry Historic District (approx. 5.8 miles away); Newberry, Florida (approx. 5.8 miles away); Little Red Schoolhouse (approx. 6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Newberry.
Credits. This page was last revised on July 3, 2019. It was originally submitted on June 29, 2019, by Tim Fillmon of Webster, Florida. This page has been viewed 582 times since then and 148 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on June 29, 2019, by Tim Fillmon of Webster, Florida. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.