Near Keshena in Menominee County, Wisconsin — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
When Nicolet in 1634 stepped ashore not far from the present site of Green Bay, the Menominees were living in peace with their neighbors on both sides of the Menominee River, on the present sites of Menominee, Michigan, and Marinette, Wisconsin. Language and legend stamp them as Algonquians. Their name was bestowed upon them by the Chippewa and means "The People of the Wild Rice." As white settlers encroached on their lands and treaties were made with the U.S. Government, the Menominees moved reluctantly from one place to another. By 1831, they had transferred to eastern Indians half a million acres at 4½ cents per acre and another half million acres to the Government at 5½ cents per acre, the money to be paid in annuities. When Wisconsin became a Territory in 1836, they were compelled to sell 184,320 acres through the Fox River Valley for settlement and lumbering at 17 cents per acre and they had to move again. In 1848 the Government sought to move them to the Crow Wing country of Minnesota but this time the Menominees under the leadership of Chief Oshkosh refused to move. In 1852 they moved up the Wolf River where in 1854 they
Erected 1957 by the Wisconsin Historical Society. (Marker Number 69.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers. In addition, it is included in the Wisconsin Historical Society series list. A significant historical year for this entry is 1634.
Location. 44° 51.334′ N, 88° 37.615′ W. Marker is near Keshena, Wisconsin, in Menominee County. Marker is on State Highway 47/55, 0.6 miles north of Strauss Road, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Keshena WI 54135, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 4 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Keshena Falls & The Menominee (approx. 2.8 miles away); Spirit Rock (approx. 4½ miles away); Shawano (approx. 7 miles away); The Gresham Depot Museum (approx. 7.9 miles away).
Also see . . .
1. Menominee Nation. Native American Tourism in Wisconsin website entry:
"The Menominee Indians are the oldest continuous residents of Wisconsin, having resided on this land for more than 10,000 years." (Submitted on November 16, 2008.)
2. Menominee History. First Nations website entry:
"A most noteworthy characteristic of the Menominee was their amazing ability to survive as (Submitted on November 16, 2008.)
Credits. This page was last revised on April 1, 2021. It was originally submitted on November 16, 2008, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. This page has been viewed 1,621 times since then and 81 times this year. Photos: 1. submitted on July 17, 2012, by Bob (peach) Weber of Dewey, Arizona. 2. submitted on November 16, 2008, by Keith L of Wisconsin Rapids, Wisconsin. 3. submitted on April 1, 2021, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bill Pfingsten was the editor who published this page.