West Hempfield Township in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Chickies* Mansion and Chickies* #1 Furnace (*Chickies - also Chiques or Chikis)
Simultaneously, the Pennsylvania Canal was built along the east side of the river bringing commerce to the area. The first lock above Columbia was located at the mouth of Chiques Creek. In 1845, the Industrial Revolution led to major changes here when Chickies #1 Furnace was built just yards from the mansion. It was the first of eight anthracite hot-blast iron furnaces to be built in the two miles between Marietta and Columbia. This was followed in five years by the completion of the railroad linking Philadelphia and Baltimore. These furnaces flourished until about 1930.
Very early photograph of Professor Samuel Haldeman shown instructing at the age of 30 at the Academy of Natural Sciences in Philadelphia in 1842. (below right) (more details about his life and work at http://explorepahistory.com/hmarker.php?markerId=1-A-389).
Chickies Lock on the Eastern Division canal, two miles north of the Columbia basin. A pair of tandem boats are shown rising to the next level. Also shown at the canal lock at Chiques Creek are, Carpet Hall (the company store), the locktender's house (in the middle) and another dwelling Circa 1890 (Courtesy Safe Harbor Water Power Corp.)
Chickies #1 Furnace (lower left). The furnace was located just northwest of the mansion next to where PA Route 441 now ascends Chickies Hill. This photograph was probably taken about 1880.
Iron Furnace Salamander (below) from the hearth of Chickies #1 Furnace. The estimated weight of this huge slab of iron is 13 tons. Excavators unearthed it in November 2015, and it was moved here as a visual monument to the iron industry that once flourished in this area. (Courtesy of Lenny Droege)
Portrait of Professor Samuel Steman Haldeman painted late in life after distinguished career as an internationally recognized man of science and letters.
Chickies Mansion was built in 1833, Professor Haldeman was the architect and it was here he spent much time doing his scientific research until his death in 1880. By 1911, the once elegant mansion was dilapidated and inhabited by hoboes, tramps and thieves, so it was torn down.
Erected 2018 by East Donegal Rotary Club; Rivertownes PA USA.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Architecture • Education • Industry & Commerce • Waterways & Vessels. A significant historical month for this entry is November 2015.
Location. 40° 3.219′ N, 76° 31.554′ W. Marker is in West Hempfield Township, Pennsylvania, in Lancaster County. Marker is on Northwest Lancaster County River Trail south of Furnace Road, on the left when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 980 Chickies Mill Road, Columbia PA 17512, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Hiestand Saw Mill and Dam (about 700 feet away, measured in a direct line); Eagle / Chickies No. 2 Furnace (approx. 0.3 miles away); Trolleys (approx. half a mile away); A Buried Story (approx. 0.6 miles away); Musselman / Vesta Furnace (approx. 0.6 miles away); Hot-Blast Stove Bases (approx. 0.6 miles away); Stone Base of the Chimney (approx. 0.6 miles away); Frick Stationary Steam Engine (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in West Hempfield Township.
Credits. This page was last revised on January 3, 2021. It was originally submitted on July 7, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 191 times since then and 36 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on July 7, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.