Springfield in Hampden County, Massachusetts — The American Northeast (New England)
Home of the Duryea Automobile
The Duryea brothers, Charles and Frank, developed the first successful gasoline-powered car in 1894, right here in Springfield. The second Duryea prototype, the 1895 Duryea, was built on this site. This automobile became known simply as the "1895 Chicago Car" after it won the Chicago Thanksgiving Day "Times Herald" race, November 28, 1895.
On May 30, 1896, Cosmopolitan Magazine sponsored a race from New York City Hall to Ardsley-on-the-Hudson and back. The 1896 Duryea, with J. Frank Duryea at the tiller, took first place ahead of a field of almost a dozen automobiles.
In June 1896, the Barnum & Bailey Circus took loan of one of the Duryea production automobiles to be exhibited in their "Greatest Show on Earth."
By the fall of the same year, J. Frank Duryea modified the prototype, improving the suspension system, transmission, and carriage works. On November 14, 1896, he participated in the original "London-to-Brighton Run" in England where he won handily, reaching Brighton more than an hour ahead of the second-place car.
The 1897 Duryea was the first vehicle to be introduced in the fall before
You can find more information about Duryea automobiles at the Lyman & Merrie Wood Museum of Springfield History at the Springfield Museums, 21 Edwards Street.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Industry & Commerce • Roads & Vehicles.
Location. 42° 6.303′ N, 72° 35.539′ W. Marker is in Springfield, Massachusetts, in Hampden County. Marker can be reached from Taylor Street south of Kaynor Street, on the left when traveling south. Marker is located near the west end of "Duryea Way," a park-like pedestrian walkway between Taylor Street and Washington Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 51 Taylor Street, Springfield MA 01103, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Stacy Building (within shouting distance of this marker); The First Meeting House (approx. 0.3 miles away); Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Building (approx. 0.4 miles away); Mass Mutual Building (approx. 0.4 miles away); 95 State Street (approx. 0.4 miles away); Union House / Chandler Hotel / Edisonia Theater (approx. half a mile away); YWCA (approx. half a mile away); Hay Road (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Springfield.
Also see . . .
1. Duryea Motor Wagon Company (Wikipedia). Founded by Charles Duryea and his brother Frank, the company built the Duryea Motor Wagon, a one-cylinder four horsepower car, first demonstrated on September 21, 1893, in Springfield, Massachusetts, on Taylor Street. It is considered the first successful gas-engine vehicle built in the U.S. (Submitted on July 14, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
2. The 1896 Duryea • America's first production Automobile. In the summer of 1895, sufficient capital was attracted to form the Duryea Motor Wagon Company in which both brothers were among the stockholders and directors. After formation of the company, the second automobile was entered by the company in the Chicago Times-Herald automobile race on Thanksgiving Day, where Frank Duryea as driver won a victory. During next year Frank, as engineer in charge of design and construction, completed the plans begun earlier for a more powerful automobile. (Submitted on July 14, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Credits. This page was last revised on October 8, 2020. It was originally submitted on July 13, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 112 times since then and 46 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on July 14, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.