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Natchez in Adams County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)
 

French Retaliation & the Second Fort Rosalie

Les représailles françaises et le deuxième Fort Rosalie

 

— Fort Rosalie —

 
French Retaliation & the Second Fort Rosalie Marker image. Click for full size.
July 20, 2019
1. French Retaliation & the Second Fort Rosalie Marker
Inscription.  

English:
French retaliation for the uprising was swift. In 1730, the French engaged with Choctaw warriors to pin down the Natchez in two fortifications that they had constructed near the Grand Village ceremonial mound site while Louisiana Governor Etienne Perier led a combined French and Indian force upriver from New Orleans to conduct a siege battle that lasted until February 25, 1730. Following a negotiated peace wherein the French retreated to the burned remains of Fort Rosalie, the Natchez dispersed from the vicinity after releasing the French and African hostages. The Natchez continued their hostilities against the French colony in the Lower Mississippi Valley, even though a second siege battle some twenty-five miles northwest of Fort Rosalie resulted in the capture of the Great Sun and many Natchez elites who were sold into slavery to work the plantations of Santa Domingo. Natchez people who evaded the French sought refuge among other native nations in the Southeast.

The French first erected a provisional fort a short distance to the southwest. Then, over the next few years, the French reconstructed a new

French Retaliation & the Second Fort Rosalie Marker image. Click for full size.
July 20, 2019
2. French Retaliation & the Second Fort Rosalie Marker
Fort Rosalie within large earthen embankments in the shape of a pentagon, surrounded by a dry moat. This construction project utilized enslaved African labor from New Orleans under an Irish overseer. Unfortunately, due to the silty loose soil in the Natchez area, the embankments of the new fort were constantly eroding, and only one wall remains today. France would maintain a garrison of only about fifty men in the second Fort Rosalie for the next 30 years.


French:
Les représailles françaises à la suite du soulèvement ont été rapides. En 1730, les Français s'engagerent avec les guerriers Choctaw pour cerner les Natchez dans deux fortifications qu'ils avaient construites prés du site des tertres de cérémonie du Grand Village. Pendant ce temps, le gouverneur de la Louisiane, Etienne Perier, dirigeait une force combinée française et indienne en amont de la Nouvelle-Orléans et menait une guerre de siége qui durera jusqu'au 25 février 1730. Aprés une paix négociée dans laquelle les Français se replieront sur les restes brûles du fort Rosalie, les Natchez se dispérserent dans les environs après avoir libéré les otages français et africains. Les Natchez continuent leurs hostilités contre la colonie française dans la vallée du Bas-Mississippi, même si une seconde bataille de siège à environ 25 miles au nord-ouest de Fort Rosalie aboutit à la capture de Grand Soleil

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et de nombreux chefs de Natchez. Ils sont vendus en esclavage pour travailler dans les plantations de Saint Domingue. Les Natchez qui ont échappé aux Français, ont cherché refuge auprès d'autres nations autochtones, notamment les Chickasaw, les Cherokees et les Muscogee Creek.

Tout d'abord, les Français ont érigé un fort provisoire à une courte distance au sud-ouest de la ville. Puis, au tours des années suivantes, les Français ont reconstruit un nouveau Fort Rosalie à l'intérieur de larges digues de terre en forme de pentagone, et entouré d'un fossé sec. Ce projet de construction a utilisé des travailleurs africains asservis de la Nouvelle-Orléans sous la supervision d'un contremaître irlandais. Malheureusement, en raison du sol limoneux meuble dans la région de Natchez, les remblais du nouveau fort étaient en constante érosion, et it ne reste aujourd'hui qu'un seul mur. La France maintiendra une garnison d'une cinquantaine d'hommes seulement dans le second fort Rosalie pendant les 30 prochaines années.
 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
 
Location. 31° 33.394′ N, 91° 24.608′ W. Marker is in Natchez, Mississippi, in Adams County. Marker is on Canal Street near Green Street, on the right when traveling south

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. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Natchez MS 39120, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Natchez Revolt (here, next to this marker); The French Build a Fort and a Colony (here, next to this marker); The British Assume Control and Shelter Tories (here, next to this marker); The Spanish Lay Out a Permanent Town (a few steps from this marker); The Natchez People (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); The French in North America (about 500 feet away); The European Struggle for Control (about 500 feet away); Natchez (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Natchez.
 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, Castles
 

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Credits. This page was last revised on August 18, 2019. This page originally submitted on August 18, 2019, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 46 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 18, 2019.
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