“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Natchez in Adams County, Mississippi — The American South (East South Central)

The Natchez Revolt

le revolte de Natchez

— Fort Rosalie —

The Natchez Revolt Marker image. Click for full size.
July 20, 2019
1. The Natchez Revolt Marker
Early on the morning of November 28th, 1729, a group of 30 Natchez Indians with their hereditary chief, the Great Sun, arrived at Fort Rosalie armed with muskets and announced their plan to brinq meat back to the French from their deer hunt that day. At the same time, small groups of Natchez men showed up at all the French settlers' homes under various pretenses for trade of chickens and corn for powder and bullets.

Suddenly the group gathered at Fort Rosalie raised their muskets and fired on the French soldiers, killing them all. The sound of gunfire at the fort signaled death by musket fire or war clubs for white males at all the French houses, before they were scalped and beheaded. Some French women and children were killed as well, but most were taken as slaves and hostages along with many of the colony's 200 enslaved Africans. A number of the Africans, however, took advantage of the opportunity to fight for their own freedom by assisting the Natchez in their uprising against the French.

Only about 20 Frenchmen escaped the massacre. The Natchez looted and burned the wooden French fort as well as

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the houses and storehouses of the settlement. They raided the French galley loaded with European trade merchandise that lay docked Under-the-Hill, as well as the hundreds of acres of tobacco standing shoulder-high in the fields.

Tôt le matin du 28 novembre 1729, un qroupe de 30 Indiens Natchez avec leur chef héréditaire, le Grand Soleil, arriva au Fort Rosalie armé de fusils. Il annonça leur intention de ramener aux Français la viande de leur chasse au cerf ce jour-là. Dans le même temps, des petits groupes d'hommes Natchez se présentèrent à tous les foyers des colons français sous divers prétextes pour échanger des poulets et du mais pour de la poudre et des balles.

Soudainement, le groupe de Fort Rosalie leva leurs mousquets et tira sur les soldats français, les tuant tous. Le bruit des coups de feu au fort signala la mort par tirs de mousquets ou de bâtons de guerre dans toutes les maisons françaises, avant qu'ils ne soient scalpés et décapités. Des femmes et des enfants français ont également été tués, mais la plupart ont été pris comme esclave et comme otage avec la plupart des 200 Africains asservis de la colonie. Un certain nombre d'Africains, cependant,, ont profité de l'occasion pour se battre pour leur propre liberté en aidant les Natchez dans leur soulèvement contre les Français.

Seulement une vingtaine de Français ont échappé

The Natchez Revolt Marker image. Click for full size.
July 20, 2019
2. The Natchez Revolt Marker
au massacre. Les Natchez ont pillé et brûlé le fort français en bois ainsi que les maisons et les entrepôts de la colonie. Ils ont attaqué la galère française chargée de marchandises commerciales d'Europe, qui était accostée à Under-the-Hill, ainsi que des centaines d'acres de tabac qui atteignait la hauteur des'épaules.
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Colonial EraForts and CastlesNative Americans.
Location. 31° 33.394′ N, 91° 24.607′ W. Marker is in Natchez, Mississippi, in Adams County. Marker is on Canal Street near Green Street, on the right when traveling south. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Natchez MS 39120, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. French Retaliation & the Second Fort Rosalie (here, next to this marker); The British Assume Control and Shelter Tories (here, next to this marker); The French Build a Fort and a Colony (here, next to this marker); The Spanish Lay Out a Permanent Town (a few steps from this marker); The Natchez People (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Introduction of Slavery in the Natchez District
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(about 500 feet away); The French in North America (about 500 feet away); The European Struggle for Control (about 500 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Natchez.
Credits. This page was last revised on August 18, 2019. It was originally submitted on August 18, 2019, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 359 times since then and 22 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on August 18, 2019.

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Jun. 3, 2023