Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
St. Mary's City in St. Mary's County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

The Calvert Family and the Founding of Maryland

Governing

 
 
The Calvert Family and the Founding of Maryland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, August 30, 2019
1. The Calvert Family and the Founding of Maryland Marker
Inscription.  Maryland was the first successful English proprietary colony in North America. It was the personal property of the Lords Baltimore, who were members of the prominent Calvert family. In issuing the 1632 Charter of Maryland, King Charles I gave princely power to the Lords Baltimore.

The early Lords Baltimore were Roman Catholics at a time in England when that faith was officially condemned. In Maryland, they established a policy based on liberty of conscience that "tolerated" the practice of many Christian religions including Catholicism.

In appreciation for his years of service during his reign, King James I bestowed the title of Lord Baltimore on George Calvert. Long interested in colonization, Calvert eventually established his own colony in Newfoundland. After a severe winter on the island, Calvert looked to the south as a better region and petitioned King Charles I for a grant of land on the Chesapeake Bay. George Calvert died before the charter for Maryland could be granted.

Cecil Calvert was George Calvert's eldest son and inherited both his title and his plan for Maryland. He sent his brother Leonard as
The Calvert Family and the Founding of Maryland Marker image. Click for full size.
By Devry Becker Jones, August 30, 2019
2. The Calvert Family and the Founding of Maryland Marker
the first governor of his new colony. For more than forty years, Cecil had to focus his attention defending the Maryland Charter in England and should be credited with the successful founding of the colony and to its progress. Although he could never come to Maryland, both his brother Leonard and his half-brother Philip lived here and played essential roles in its founding and growth.

Charles Calvert was Cecil Calvert's eldest son. He came to Maryland in 1661 and served as governor until 1675. He lived first in St. Mary's City and later at his wife's property called Mattapany. With his father's death in 1675, Charles became the third Lord Baltimore and the only proprietor to live in Maryland.

[Table at bottom left of the marker:]
George Calvert
c. 1578/79-1632
1st Lord Baltimore
1625-32

Cecil Calvert
2nd Lord Baltimore
1632-75
1st Proprietor
of Maryland

1632-75

Leonard Calvert
(1606-47)
1st Governor
of Maryland

1633-47

Philip Calvert
(1626-82)
Principal Secretary
of Maryland

1656-60
Receiver General
1659-60
Governor
of Maryland

1660-61
Chancellor
1660-82
Commissary General
1672-82
Mayor
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
of
St. Mary's City

1668-71

[Aside:]
"....Make, create, and constitute him, the now Baron of Baltimore and his Heirs, the true and absolute Lords and Proprietaries of the Region..."
The Maryland Charter, 1632
 
Erected by Historic St. Mary's City.
 
Location. Marker has been reported damaged. 38° 10.942′ N, 76° 25.769′ W. Marker is in St. Mary's City, Maryland, in St. Mary's County. Marker can be reached from Point Lookout Road (Maryland Route 5) 0.4 miles west of Rosecroft Road, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 16721 Point Lookout Road, Saint Marys City MD 20686, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this location. Welcome to the Chapel Field (within shouting distance of this marker); Encountering the Other (within shouting distance of this marker); An Opportunity Awaits... (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Dating Changes in a Building (about 400 feet away); Agricultural Change and Environmental Damage (about 400 feet away); Who Worked Here? (about 400 feet away); What Kind of Barn Was This? (about 400 feet away); "a lande, even as God made it" (about 400 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in St. Mary's City.
 
More about this marker. Marker has significant fading from sun damage.
 
Categories.
Paid Advertisement
Click on the ad for more information.
Please report objectionable advertising to the Editor.
Churches & ReligionColonial EraSettlements & Settlers
 

More. Search the internet for The Calvert Family and the Founding of Maryland.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 2, 2019. This page originally submitted on September 2, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 67 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on September 2, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.
Paid Advertisement