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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Port Hastings in Inverness County, Nova Scotia — The Canadian Atlantic
 

Construction of the Canso Canal / Construction du Canal de Canso

 
 
Construction of the Canso Canal /<br>Construction du Canal de Canso Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 20, 2019
1. Construction of the Canso Canal /
Construction du Canal de Canso Marker
Inscription.  
English:
Work began on a causeway and canal complex between Cape Breton Island and mainland Nova Scotia in 1953 under a tri-party agreement between the federal Department of Transport, the Nova Scotia Department of Highways and Canadian National Railway. T.C. Gorman (Nova Scotia) Ltd. was the general contractor chosen to construct the canal and O.J. MacCulloch Engineers Ltd. of Montreal was responsible for design and project management. Consideration was given to the construction of a suspension bridge or a canal through Archie's Pond on the mainland side of the Strait. However, Balache Point, also known as MacMillan Point, just off Port Hastings, was finally selected as the site for the canal construction for economic reasons.

When the causeway was constructed, it diverted an enormous amount of water with a strong current through the 24.4 metre-wide opening of the canal. If this current was not checked by the installation of tidal locks, ships would not be able to pass safely through the canal. The canal was constructed to be 250 m long, 24.4 m wide and 9.8 m deep at low tide. It was designed to be compatible
Marker detail: June 2, 1954 / Le 2 juin 1954 image. Click for full size.
2. Marker detail: June 2, 1954 / Le 2 juin 1954
Looking south east, navigation lock /
Vue vers le sud-est, écluse de navigation
with the St. Lawrence Seaway, capable of passing a ship 224 m in length, with a draft not exceeding 8.5 m.

Français:
Les travaux d'aménagement d'une chaussée et d'un canal reliant l'île du Cap-Breton et la partie continentale de la Nouvelle-Écosse commencèrent en 1953, conformément à une entente tripartite entre le ministère fédéral des Transports, le ministère des Transports de la Nouvelle-Écosse et la Compagnie des chemins de fer nationaux du Canada. T.C. Gorman (Nova Scotia) Ltd. était l'entrepreneur général chargé de construire le canal et O.J. MacCulloch Engineers Ltd., de Montréal, était responsable de la conception et de la gestion du projet. Au départ, on a envisagé de construire un pont suspendu ou un canal qui traverserait le lac Archie, du côté continental du détroit. Cependant, on a finalement choisi le cap Balache, connu également sous le nom d cap MacMillan, juste au large de Port Hastings, pour des raisons économiques.

La construction de la chaussée fit en sorte qu'une énorme quantité d'eau animée d'un fort courant se retrouva déviée vers l'ouverture du canal, de 24,4 mètres de largeur. Aucun navire ne pouvait traverser le canal en toute sécurité sans l'installation d'écluses à marée. Le canal mesure 250 m de longueur sur 24,4 m de largeur et 9,8 m de profondeur, à marée basse. Il est compatible avec la Voie maritime du Saint-Laurent,
Marker detail: August 30, 1954 / Le 30 août 1954 image. Click for full size.
3. Marker detail: August 30, 1954 / Le 30 août 1954
Looking west, showing south end of lock /
Vue vers l’ouest, partie sud de l’écluse
qui peut accueillir un navire de 224 m de longueur ayant un tirant d'eau ne dépassant pas 8,5 m.
 
Erected by Fisheries and Oceans Canada / Pêches et Océans Canada.
 
Location. 45° 38.883′ N, 61° 24.744′ W. Marker is in Port Hastings, Nova Scotia, in Inverness County. Marker can be reached from Trans Canada Highway (National Route 104) half a kilometer west of Ceilidh Trail (Route 19), on the right when traveling west. Marker is located in the Celtic Shores Coastal Trail interpretive plaza and trailhead, on the east side of the Canso Causeway. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Port Hastings, Nova Scotia B9A 1J8, Canada. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 4 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. History of the Canso Canal / Historique du Canal de Canso (here, next to this marker); Operation of the Canso Canal / Exploitation du Canal (here, next to this marker); The Building of the Canso Causeway / La Construction de la Levée de Canso (here, next to this marker); Canso Causeway (a few steps from this marker).
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Canso Canal & Causeway
 
Categories. Bridges & ViaductsMan-Made FeaturesWaterways & Vessels
 
Canso Canal Construction Marker (top center)<br>(<i>wide view showing nearby related markers</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, July 20, 2019
4. Canso Canal Construction Marker (top center)
(wide view showing nearby related markers)
 

More. Search the internet for Construction of the Canso Canal / Construction du Canal de Canso.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 16, 2019. This page originally submitted on September 9, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 48 times since then. Photos:   1. submitted on September 11, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.   2, 3, 4. submitted on September 16, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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