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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Franklin in Williamson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Carter Farm

The Federal Line

 
 
The Carter Farm - The Federal Line Marker image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
1. The Carter Farm - The Federal Line Marker
Inscription.  Gen. Jacob D. Cox’s Division, XXIII Corps, led the Federal army to the outskirts of Franklin before dawn on November 30, 1864. While army commander Gen. John M. Schofield inspected the bridges on the Harpeth River, Cox set up his headquarters behind you at the Carter House. Schofield determined the river impassable, and engineers began repairing the bridges. Schofield ordered Cox to establish a defensive line on the southern edge of town to buy time for the engineers. Capt. Levi Schofield laid out the line and later recalled , “While sitting out in front of the house… everything was as still as a grave, and there was time to ponder.”

Cox deployed his division in a line from Columbia Pike east to Lewisburg Pike, and then across that road to the river. About 5,000 men here dug a two-foot-deep trench, piled the dirt in front, and then strengthened the works with other materials. A Federal officer wrote that his men threw up a “temporary breast-work” and placed “head-logs on top.” Some of the soldiers ripped wooden siding from the cotton gin and threw it atop the works.

The main line of defense
Carter Gin Site and Park image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
2. Carter Gin Site and Park
The marker is in the distance along the path.
between Columbia Pike and the Carter cotton gin, held by the 100th and 104th Ohio Infantry regiments, as well as four pieces of artillery, became a focal point of the ensuing battle. The line curved around the gin to create a projection or salient, and some of the most brutal fighting of the battle unfolded in this area.
 
Erected by Historic Franklin Parks.
 
Location. 35° 54.976′ N, 86° 52.367′ W. Marker is in Franklin, Tennessee, in Williamson County. Marker is at the intersection of Columbia Avenue (Business U.S. 31) and Strahl Street, on the right when traveling north on Columbia Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: Carter Gin Site and park, Franklin TN 37064, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. A different marker also named The Carter Farm (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (a few steps from this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
3. Inset
Capt. David H. Bard, 104th Ohio Infantry
(within shouting distance of this marker); Main Entrenchment Federal Battle Line (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named The Carter Farm (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Franklin.
 
Categories. War, US Civil
 
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
4. Inset
Gen. Jacob D. Cox
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
5. Inset
Gen. John M. Schofield
Inset image. Click for full size.
By Larry Gertner, June 16, 2019
6. Inset
Situation map
 

More. Search the internet for The Carter Farm.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 12, 2019. This page originally submitted on September 12, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. This page has been viewed 63 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on September 12, 2019, by Larry Gertner of New York, New York. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.
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