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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Tuskegee in Macon County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

William P. Mitchell

(1912-1986)

 

The Tuskegee Civil Rights and Historic Trail

 
William P. Mitchell Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 20, 2019
1. William P. Mitchell Marker
Inscription.  Following World War II, Tuskegee's black population began to grow, and many sought to register to vote. Perceiving a threat to their political power, white politicians tried to control the black vote through a variety of techniques. These actions included, but were not limited to, requiring blacks and whites to register in separate parts of the Macon County Courthouse and requiring black applicants to read and transcribe articles from the Constitution of the United States. In 1945, Veterans Administration Hospital employee and Tuskegee Civic Association activist William P. Mitchell sued the Board of Registrars for a Certificate of Registration. The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama initially dismissed the case. The case was appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, which subsequently remanded it to the Fifth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, and they ruled in favor of the registrars. When Mitchell appealed, the registrars produced documents showing that his application had been approved several years earlier. Mitchell's attempt to vote, and ultimate success, was illustrative of the voting rights struggle.
 
Erected
View from marker easterly with Macon County Courthouse tower on right skyline. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 20, 2019
2. View from marker easterly with Macon County Courthouse tower on right skyline.
2019 by City Of Tuskegee, Tuskegee University, Jewish American Society for Historic Preservation. (Marker Number 8.)
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the Historically Black Colleges and Universities, the Jewish American Society for Historic Preservation Markers, and the Tuskegee Civil Rights and Historic Trail, Alabama marker series.
 
Location. 32° 25.461′ N, 85° 41.566′ W. Marker is in Tuskegee, Alabama, in Macon County. Marker is on North Elm Street north of West Northside Street, on the left when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: North Elm Street, Tuskegee AL 36083, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 119 Westside Street (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Brief History of Tuskegee, Alabama (about 400 feet away); "Trade With Your Friends" (about 500 feet away); Macon County Confederate Monument (about 600 feet away); Macon County Legal Milestone (about 600 feet away); Samuel "Sammy" Leamon Younge, Jr. (approx. 0.2 miles away); Rosa Parks (approx. 0.3 miles away); Tuskegee High School (approx. 0.4 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Tuskegee.
 
Categories. African AmericansCivil Rights
 
View from marker south towards US-80 intersection. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, September 20, 2019
3. View from marker south towards US-80 intersection.
Dedication program and associated map of trail. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, October 20, 2019
4. Dedication program and associated map of trail.
All thirteen new markers were dedicated on September 20th, 2019 at the Tuskegee Municipal Complex.

Please note #1 on the map, Amelia Boynton Robinson marker is actually on Franklin Road, NNW of Tuskegee University, near Boy Scout Circle.

 

More. Search the internet for William P. Mitchell.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 2, 2019. This page originally submitted on September 20, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 91 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on September 20, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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