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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Keifers in Allegany County, Maryland — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Going Against the Grain

Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park

 

National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior

 
Going Against the Grain Marker image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, September 16, 2019
1. Going Against the Grain Marker
Viewing east towards the marker.
Inscription.  The Potomac River meanders through six miles of bends here with steep cliffs dropping to the river, making the digging of a ditch canal nearly impossible. The canal company could have followed a natural fold (1) in the rock stratification to burrow the tunnel, but this would have taken them too far from the river. They decided to tunnel a short distance diagonally (2) through the rock folds. This decision, however, led to many cave-ins because of the predominate soft shale they encountered. The river and the rocks here are unforgiving. They cost the canal company time and money in its race with the railroads.

Hiking Through the Tunnel
Climbing the rock steps at either end of the tunnel is prohibited.
The towpath surface in the tunnel is uneven. Watch your step.
Use a flashlight and the guardrail as you walk.


Hiking Over Tunnel Hill
Tunnel Hill is two miles long and takes about one hour to complete.
Wear Sturdy shoes; Tunnel Hill trail is rocky and steep.
Do not drink stream or spring water.
 
Erected by National Park Service, U.S. Department
Going Against the Grain Marker (upper half) image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, September 16, 2019
2. Going Against the Grain Marker (upper half)
Viewing east towards the marker.
of the Interior.
 
Location. 39° 33.003′ N, 78° 27.778′ W. Marker is in Keifers, Maryland, in Allegany County. Use parking lot for the Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historic Site-Paw Paw Tunnel at 39.544206, -78.460700. Walk west from parking lot for 0.1 mile to reach canal towpath. Walk north for 0.4 miles to reach marker and Paw Paw Tunnel south entrance. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Oldtown MD 21555, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 8 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Breaking Through a Mountain (here, next to this marker); Paw Paw Tunnel Hill Trail (a few steps from this marker); West Virginia (Morgan County) / Maryland (approx. 0.9 miles away in West Virginia); Paw Paw / Paw Paw Tunnel / The Fruit (approx. 1.2 miles away in West Virginia); Paw Paw (approx. 1.2 miles away in West Virginia); Morgan County / Hampshire County (approx. 3.8 miles away in West Virginia); Old Town (approx. 7.7 miles away); Pinoak Fountain (approx. 7.7 miles away in West Virginia). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Keifers.
 
Also see . . .
1. Paw Paw Tunnel, Maryland Inventory of Historic Properties. (Submitted on September 23, 2019.)
2. History & Culture, Chesapeake & Ohio National Historical Park, National Park Service. (Submitted on September 23, 2019.)
 
Categories.
Going Against the Grain Marker image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, September 16, 2019
3. Going Against the Grain Marker
ArchitectureMan-Made FeaturesSettlements & SettlersWaterways & Vessels
 
Going Against the Grain & Breaking Through a Mountain markers. image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, September 16, 2019
4. Going Against the Grain & Breaking Through a Mountain markers.
Viewing east towards the markers.
Landscape surrounding marker. image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, September 16, 2019
5. Landscape surrounding marker.
Viewing north towards marker.
Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park-Paw Paw Tunnel entrance sign image. Click for full size.
National Park Service, Thomas Stone National Historic Site, September 16, 2019
6. Chesapeake & Ohio Canal National Historical Park-Paw Paw Tunnel entrance sign
Viewing north towards sign, parking lot, and the Superintendent's House.
 

More. Search the internet for Going Against the Grain.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on September 29, 2019. This page originally submitted on September 23, 2019. This page has been viewed 49 times since then and 3 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on September 23, 2019. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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