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Waynesboro, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

River Crossings & Bridges

 
 
River Crossings & Bridges Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, October 2, 2019
1. River Crossings & Bridges Marker
Inscription.  In Waynesboro's earliest days, the only way to cross the South River was by a ford. Fords are shallow spots in the river that offer low embankments. Travelers of this time crossed the river on foot, horseback, in a farm wagon or stagecoach.

A French officer traveling here in the late 1700s noted the Widow Tees Tavern was "200 paces from the ford." The settlement of Teasville (Teesville) later became Waynesboro.

Civil War Era
In 1855, Tredegar Iron Works built the first iron truss railroad bridge across the South River. In 1864, Union troops attempted to remove these trusses to melt them down for artillery.

By the mid-1800s, narrow wooden footbridges were built near the busiest fords. Early maps show footbridges near the present-day Main Street and Wayne Avenue bridge crossings.

At the "Battle of Waynesboro" on March 2, 1865, Confederate troops fled across a footbridge near the ford at Main Street. CSA Col. William Harman was a Waynesboro native who fought and was fatally wounded on Main Street hill. His monument is just south of the Dominion Pavilion.

Late 19th Century to the Modern
Marker detail: Horse & wagon cross ford near Main Street image. Click for full size.
2. Marker detail: Horse & wagon cross ford near Main Street
This elevated photo was likely taken from the railroad bridge.
Era

A development boom came to Waynesboro after four iron truss bridges were built in the 1880s. These bridges were at Main Street, Chestnut/Wayne Avenue, Lyndhurst Road and Oak Lane. All have been replaced with modern concrete structures, beginning with the Main Street Bridge in 1934. The Broad Street Bridge, built in 1956, was reconstructed in 2013.

A once dominant feature of the downtown riverfront was the Waynesboro Flouring Mill, which was destroyed by fire in 1953. The mill stood 4 1/2 stories tall and first operated as Patterson Roller Mills (see keynote 3 on map).

A mill race diverted water power from the river to grind grain into feed or flour. The head race ran from a dam near the INVISTA footbridge and across present-day Constitution Park. The tail race rejoined South River near the present Rescue Squad.
 
Erected by DuPont and the Waynesboro Heritage Museum.
 
Location. 38° 4.097′ N, 78° 53.092′ W. Marker is in Waynesboro, Virginia. Marker can be reached from West Main Street (U.S. 340) east of Arch Avenue when traveling east. Marker is located on the South River Greenway trail, 1/10 mile east of Arch Avenue and just north of West Main Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 215 West Main Street, Waynesboro VA 22980, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking
Marker detail: This footbridge was near the Wayne Avenue bridge crossing image. Click for full size.
3. Marker detail: This footbridge was near the Wayne Avenue bridge crossing
distance of this marker. Waynesboro (about 400 feet away, measured in a direct line); Ecology of the South River (about 400 feet away); William H. Harman Monument (about 800 feet away); a different marker also named Waynesboro (approx. 0.2 miles away); Fishburne Military School (approx. mile away); Port Republic Road Historic District (approx. half a mile away); W. J. Loth (approx. 0.6 miles away); Plumb House (approx. 0.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Waynesboro.
 
Categories. Bridges & ViaductsIndustry & CommerceRoads & VehiclesWar, US Civil
 
Marker detail: A typical wooden foot bridge from the 1800s image. Click for full size.
4. Marker detail: A typical wooden foot bridge from the 1800s
Marker detail: 1891 Illustration of the Mill Race image. Click for full size.
5. Marker detail: 1891 Illustration of the Mill Race
Also depicted: the C&O Bridge and two-truss Main Street Bridge
Marker detail: Map of Waynesboro, 1929 image. Click for full size.
6. Marker detail: Map of Waynesboro, 1929
Waynesboro Map Legend
1. C&O Rail Station 2. Railway Express Agency 3. Patterson's Flouring Mill 4. North Branch Methodist Episcopal Church (1904) 5. Main Street Methodist Church (1874 - 3rd loc.), replaced in 1956 6. St. John's Episcopal Church (1904) 7. First National Bank of Waynesboro (1905) 8. Neese (later Park) Hotel (1906) 9. Waynesboro National Bank 1908) 10. Hamilton-Cook Hardware Addition (1926) (former location of S. T. Pool Farm Implements & Old Historic Academy which burned in 1909) 11. Waynesboro Automobile Co. (1st auto sales business - 1910) 12. 300,000 gal. water tank (1910) 13. Hamilton-Cook Hardware Co. (1911) 14. 1st Presbyterian Church (1911) 15. Jackson Elementary School (south wing 1906 nw 1912) 16. Riverside Light & Power Co. (1912) 17. Carnegie Library (1914-1915) 18. Post Office (1918) 19. Star Theatre (1922) (former location of 1st Presb. Church - 1878) 20. Woodrow Wilson High School (1922) 21. Standard Gas Station (1925) 22. Old Grocery Store (Later part of Leggets and Cycle Recycle) 23. Cavalier Theatre Luncheon & Bowling Alley (1929-1960) 24. Site of Lambert Branaman & Barger (LB&B) Building (1929) 25. Fire Tower No. 1 (1920's) 26. Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Co. (A&P) 27. Western Union Telegraph (downstairs). Masonic Temple (upstairs) 28. City Hall 29. Kroger 30. Freed Chevrolet, Wayne Motors and Paul Freed (1937) 31. Fishburne Building 32. Waynesboro Paint Store (apts. on 2nd floor). 33. Wayne Theatre and "Number 9" Candy Store (1926) 34. Pleasant View Methodist Church 35. Site of the Stehli Silk Mill (1924), (Later became Virginia Metal Crafters) 36. Shiloh Baptist Church (1924) 37. Bethany Lutheran Church (1924) 38. Old Dominion Market 39. Hildebrand's Wayne Baking Co. (1927), (Formerly Beck's Bakery) 40. Wayne Motor Sales, (later Brand then Baugher Chevrolet) 41. Clarence Hiserman's Coal & Wood Yard 42. Clifton Forge, Waynesboro Telephone Company (CFW, 1927) 43. Virginia Light & Power Service, later Roses & the Edmunds Bldg. 44. First Schoolhouse. aka Mason Hill 45. Plumb House (Ca. 1803) 46. Dr. Ernest Mosby House 47. Mrs. Albert Bush House 48. Home of Civil War Hero Elliot Guthrie Fishburne and Wife Ella 49. Cristie/Haines Home 50. C.W. Alexander Furniture Factory 51. Site of Rosenwald School for Colored Students (1924) 52. Southern Branch Methodist Episcopal Church (1905) 53. Casper Coiner House (Ca. 1806)
River Crossings & Bridges Marker<br>(<i>wide view looking west  Main Street on left</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, October 2, 2019
7. River Crossings & Bridges Marker
(wide view looking west Main Street on left)
C&O Railroad Bridge<br>(<i>on the South River Greenway trail, 2/10 mile north of marker</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, October 2, 2019
8. C&O Railroad Bridge
(on the South River Greenway trail, 2/10 mile north of marker)
Main Street Bridge<br>(<i>view from South River Greenway trail, south of marker</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, October 2, 2019
9. Main Street Bridge
(view from South River Greenway trail, south of marker)
 

More. Search the internet for River Crossings & Bridges.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on October 2, 2019. This page originally submitted on October 2, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 89 times since then and 8 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. submitted on October 2, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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