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Mackinaw City in Cheboygan County, Michigan — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Anchors and their retrieval / Capstan for pulling up the anchor

Mackinaw City Historical Pathway

 
 
Anchors and their retrieval / Capstan for pulling up the anchor Marker image. Click for full size.
By Joel Seewald, August 19, 2019
1. Anchors and their retrieval / Capstan for pulling up the anchor Marker
Inscription.  
Anchors and their retrieval
Functions of an anchor
  1. gain a hold on the bottom
  2. provide sufficient power to keep the boat from dragging away
  3. maintain its hold in changing wind conditions
The anchor in this park consists of a long steel shank with a cross-arm near the top called a stock. At the bottom of the shank are two arms positioned perpendicular to the stock and tipped with pointed flukes. When the anchor is dropped into the lake, the stock falls flat. This assures that one of the flukes is pointed into the bottom, giving it a good chance to dig in.

This massive anchor is good for all types of lake bottoms: rock, mud, or sand. The disadvantages are: it is unwieldy, difficult to stow on deck, and prone to fouling when wind and current change.

Although this type of anchor was used for centuries, we seldom see it used today. Today's stockless anchor has less holding power per weight but is far easier to use.

Originally this anchor had a wooden stock but the wood rotted away. Someone valued the steel portion of the anchor and added a new, more durable
Anchors and their retrieval / Capstan for pulling up the anchor Marker - left image image. Click for full size.
2. Anchors and their retrieval / Capstan for pulling up the anchor Marker - left image
stock. This anchor was donated to Mackinaw City by Dick Moehl.


Capstan for pulling up the anchor
The capstan in this park is the remnant of a vital piece of equipment used to haul in a heavy anchor. It is a hand-pushed vertical winch.

The anchor line, whether rope or chain, was wound around the barrel until it caught on itself. Then men walked around the barrel pushing wooden levers to pull the line and anchor up to the deck. The wooden levers were removable and the numerous pigeonholes allowed for the assignment of the appropriate number of men based on the difficulty of the work.

Gearing below deck could be set so the capstan could not slip back.
 
Erected 2014.
 
Location. 45° 47.15′ N, 84° 43.556′ W. Marker is in Mackinaw City, Michigan, in Cheboygan County. Marker can be reached from the intersection of North Huron Avenue and East Depeyster Street, on the right when traveling north. Marker is in Maritime Park. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 412 North Huron Avenue, Mackinaw City MI 49701, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Marine & Weather Reporter (within shouting distance of this marker); The Lumbering Era (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); Alexander Henry Park Kiosk (about
Anchors and their retrieval / Capstan for pulling up the anchor Marker - upper right image image. Click for full size.
3. Anchors and their retrieval / Capstan for pulling up the anchor Marker - upper right image
600 feet away); Alexander Henry 1739 - 1834 (about 600 feet away); Graveyard of the Deep (about 700 feet away); Building Mighty Mac (about 700 feet away); Perry B. Darrow 1939 - 1995 (about 700 feet away); Crossroads of the Great Lakes (about 800 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Mackinaw City.
 
Categories. Waterways & Vessels
 
Anchors and their retrieval / Capstan for pulling up the anchor Marker - lower right image image. Click for full size.
By Wikimedia Commons
4. Anchors and their retrieval / Capstan for pulling up the anchor Marker - lower right image
A model showing how a capstan was operated.
Anchors and their retrieval / Capstan for pulling up the anchor Marker image. Click for full size.
By Joel Seewald, August 19, 2019
5. Anchors and their retrieval / Capstan for pulling up the anchor Marker
Marker is at the very right of the image, at the end of the sidewalk and next to the capstan.
Anchor image. Click for full size.
By Joel Seewald, August 19, 2019
6. Anchor
Capstan image. Click for full size.
By Joel Seewald, August 19, 2019
7. Capstan
Maritime Park sign image. Click for full size.
By Joel Seewald, August 19, 2019
8. Maritime Park sign
Marker is in Maritime Park.
 

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Credits. This page was last revised on October 16, 2019. This page originally submitted on October 16, 2019, by Joel Seewald of Madison Heights, Michigan. This page has been viewed 41 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. submitted on October 16, 2019, by Joel Seewald of Madison Heights, Michigan.
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