Winnemucca in Humboldt County, Nevada — The American Mountains (Southwest)
The California Trail
The Applegate Trail was established in 1846. Emigrants using this route turned of the main California Trail at present-day Rye Patch Reservoir to travel west across the Black Rock Desert on their way to Oregon and California. The Nobles Route cut off from the Applegate Trail in 1852 and was later amended in 1854.
Emigrants started their journey from Missouri River towns in late April or early May and generally reached the Humboldt River in the blazing heat of mid-July and August. By this time, many were running low on provisions. Their animals were weary and undernourished and the grass along the river has been grazed out y the preceding emigrant traffic.
To the east of present-day Winnemucca, emigrants found vast fields of grass known as "The Island" and camped in a spot known as "Upper Meadows." As early as 1852, whiskey, ginger beer and beef were traded there. By 1863, there was a small settlement near the confluence of the Humboldt and Little Humboldt Rivers called Frenchman's Ford. Emigrants forded the Humboldt River in several places in this area to get better grass.
In the 1860s, the California Trail and associated routes and cutoffs were used to transport freight to regional mines. The completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1869 ended most cross-country use of the California Trail, but portions of the trail continued to be used as wagon roads.
Erected by Humboldt Museum, Bureau of Land Management.
Marker series. This marker is included in the California Trail marker series.
Location. 40° 58.618′ N, 117° 44.662′ W. Marker is in Winnemucca, Nevada, in Humboldt County. Marker is on Museum Avenue near Maple Avenue, on the left when traveling west. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 175 Museum Avenue, Winnemucca NV 89445, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Winnemucca and the Humboldt River Corridor (here, next to this marker); Railroads and Telegraphs (here, next to this marker); The Victory Highway and Transcontinental Airway System (here, next to this marker); Explorers and Mountain Men (here, next to this marker in Idaho); The Humboldt River (here, next to this marker); Pioneer Memorial Park (approx. 0.2 miles away); Winneva Building (approx. 0.4 miles away); California Trail - Trading Post (approx. half a mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Winnemucca.
More about this marker. This marker is located at the Winnemucca overlook at the Humboldt Museum.
Categories. • Roads & Vehicles • Settlements & Settlers •
More. Search the internet for The California Trail.
Credits. This page was last revised on October 22, 2019. This page originally submitted on October 22, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 55 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on October 22, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.