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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Havre in Hill County, Montana — The American West (Mountains)
 

The Wahkpa Chu'gn Buffalo Jump

 
 
The Wahkpa Chu'gn Buffalo Jump Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 14, 2019
1. The Wahkpa Chu'gn Buffalo Jump Marker
Inscription.  Indian people have lived in this area for at least 11,000 years. Throughout that time, buffalo were their primary source of food. The Indians devised ingenious way to hunt buffalo with the buffalo jump, or pishkum, the best known. At pishkuns, hunters drove buffalo over steep bluffs or cliffs when the animals were either killed outright by the fall or badly crippled. The hunters sometimes constructed simple corral-like enclosures at the base of the bluffs to contain the crippled animals until they could be killed using either the atlatl or bow and arrow.
A series of buffalo jumps were once located along the steep bluffs overlooking the Milk River west of Havre. The Great Northern Railway destroyed three of them when it constructed its line through here in 1887. Today only the Wahkpa Chu'gn (pronounced walk-paw-chew-gun) buffalo jump remains. It is located just west of here behind the Holiday Village Shopping Center. For over 2,500 years, Indian peoples used Wahkpa Chu'gn as a pishkun, It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. You can visit the site and view extensive displays about the buffalo jump and the materials discovered
The Wahkpa Chu'gn Buffalo Jump Marker image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 14, 2019
2. The Wahkpa Chu'gn Buffalo Jump Marker
by the archaeologists.
 
Erected by Montana Department of Transportation.
 
Location. 48° 33.393′ N, 109° 42.288′ W. Marker is in Havre, Montana, in Hill County. Marker can be reached from U.S. 2 near 19th Avenue West, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1425 US Highway 2, Havre MT 59501, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The Havre Air Force Station (here, next to this marker); Havre (here, next to this marker); a different marker also named Wahkpa Chu'gn Buffalo Jump (approx. 0.4 miles away); Boone/Dalrymple House (approx. 1.2 miles away); A.D. Smith House (approx. 1.2 miles away); The Atrium (approx. 1.2 miles away); Havre Post Office and Courthouse (approx. 1.2 miles away); St. Mark's Episcopal Church (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Havre.
 
More about this marker. This marker is in the parking lot of the Best Western Havre Inn.
 
Categories. Native Americans
 
The Wahkpa Chu'gn Buffalo Jump image. Click for full size.
By Barry Swackhamer, August 14, 2019
3. The Wahkpa Chu'gn Buffalo Jump
The Wahkpa Chu'gn Buffalo Jump image. Click for full size.
By Visit Montana
4. The Wahkpa Chu'gn Buffalo Jump
 

More. Search the internet for The Wahkpa Chu'gn Buffalo Jump.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on November 14, 2019. This page originally submitted on November 14, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California. This page has been viewed 44 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on November 14, 2019, by Barry Swackhamer of Brentwood, California.
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