Scotts Hill in Henderson County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
Riding Through Scotts Hill
— Forrest's First West Tennessee Raid —
Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest led his cavalry brigade on a raid through West Tennessee, Dec 15, 1862-Jan 3, 1863, destroying railroads and severing Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's supply line between Columbus, Kentucky, and Vicksburg, Mississippi. Forrest crossed the Tennessee River at Clifton, defeated Union Col. Robert G. Ingersoll's cavalry at Lexington, captured Trenton and Union City, and ranged briefly into Kentucky. He raided back through Tennessee, evaded defeat at Parker’s Cross Roads, and crossed the river again at Clifton. Forrest’s success forced Grant to switch his supply base to Memphis.
Scotts Hill, located on the Decatur-Henderson County line on the stage road from the Tennessee River to West Tennessee, was a popular stop for travelers. Although the town and surrounding area escaped much of the Civil War’s destruction, in 1862 Confederate Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest and his cavalry brigade swept by on a raid against Federal supply lines.
After crossing the Tennessee River at Clifton on December 15, Forrest’s brigade rode several miles northwest on the stage road (present-day
On the raid, Forrest and his men rode about 300 miles through rain, sleet, and snow, averaging 20 miles a day. They destroyed 50 bridges on the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, burning trestles and tearing up rails.
Forrest's First West Tennessee Raid, Dec. 15, 1862—Jan. 3, 1863
Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest
Gen. Braxton Bragg
All photos courtesy Library of Congress
Union blockhouse, Tennessee River
Erected by Tennessee Civil War Trails.
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Tennessee Civil War Trails series list. A significant historical date for this entry is December 15, 1862.
Location. 35° 31.361′ N, 88° 14.894′ W. Marker is in Scotts Hill, Tennessee, in Henderson CountyTouch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Scotts Hill TN 38374, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Veterans Monument (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Reverend R. Swift (approx. 0.3 miles away); Farmers State Bank and FirstBank: A Century of Community Banking (approx. 0.6 miles away); Prof. B.A. Tucker (approx. 0.7 miles away); The Temple (approx. 1.4 miles away); Austin Chapel Church & The Austin Family Homeplace (approx. 1.6 miles away); Granny Austin Cemetery (approx. 2.4 miles away); Doe Creek School (approx. 3.6 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Scotts Hill.
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 19, 2019. It was originally submitted on November 18, 2019, by David Austin of Scotts Hill, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 1,242 times since then and 178 times this year. Last updated on November 19, 2019, by David Austin of Scotts Hill, Tennessee. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on November 18, 2019, by David Austin of Scotts Hill, Tennessee. 3, 4, 5. submitted on November 18, 2019. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.