The Beginning of the Atlanta Campaign
Atlanta Campaign Heritage Trail
Also visible is the home constructed by Mr. Clisby Austin, known as the “Clisby Austin House” or “Meadowlawn.” It was built at approximately the same time as the depot. Tunnel Hill witnessed several Civil War events, including the “Great Locomotive Chase” (or “Andrews Raid) on April 12, 1862. Two locomotives, the “General,” stolen žy Federal scouts, and the “Texas,” used by Southern pursuers, passed through the tunnel and the town. One of the crew of the captured “General later wrote,
village of Tunnel Hill beyond where we
carefully crouched down to conceal our number
from the curious eyes of any who might be
about the station.
The chase ended north of Ringgold with the capture of the “General.”
On September 11, 1863, as a Federal army was moving into Georgia in the prelude to the battle of Chickamauga, Union Colonel John T. Wider's “Lightning Brigade” of mounted infantry met Confederate cavalry south of Ringgold. The in Southern troopers made a fighting withdrawal toward Tunnel Hill, during which their commander, Brigadier General Nathan Bedford Forrest, was slightly wounded. At dark the Federals returned to Ringgold.
Following the Confederate defeat near Chattanooga in November 1863, Tunnel Hill lay between the Confederates in Dalton and the Federals in Ringgold. On February 23, 1864, elements of two Federal army corps advanced upon Confederate cavalry occupying an advanced position at Tunnel Hill, then quickly retired. Their feint alarmed Confederate commander General Joseph E. Johnston sufficiently that he withdrew an order sending part of his army to strengthen opposition to Union Major General William T. Sherman's Meridian, Mississippi campaign.
On May 7, 1864, as Union Major General John M. Palmer's
The last skirmish at
Tunnel Hill occurred March
3, 1865, when a squad of
Federal soldiers from the
145th Indiana Infantry were
attacked by Confederate
cavalry led by Major General
Erected by Georgia Civil War Heritage Trails, Inc. (Marker Number 8.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Georgia Civil War Trails marker series.
Location. 34° 50.391′ N, 85° 2.501′ W. Marker is in Tunnel Hill, Georgia, in Whitfield County. Marker is on Clisby Austin Drive 0.1 miles from Oak Street, on the left when traveling east. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 215 Clisby Austin Drive, Tunnel Hill GA 30755, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 3 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Clisby Austin House (within shouting distance of this marker); Western & Atlantic Railroad Tunnel
Related marker. Click here for another marker that is related to this marker.
Also see . . .
1. Tunnel Hill Heritage Center & Museum. (Submitted on November 26, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
2. Wikipedia article on the "General". (Submitted on November 26, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Categories. • Railroads & Streetcars • War, US Civil •
More. Search the internet for Tunnel Hill.
Credits. This page was last revised on November 26, 2019. This page originally submitted on November 26, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 56 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on November 26, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.