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Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
 

A Tale of Two Towns

Montgomery, Alabama ~ A City Older Than The State

 
 
A Tale of Two Towns Marker image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 1, 2019
1. A Tale of Two Towns Marker
Inscription.  Following their defeat at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in 1814, the Creek Indians ceded millions of acres to the U.S. government. Within the cession, two rival towns soon sprang up on the south bank of the Alabama River's "Big Bend": New Philadelphia (1817) founded by Andrew Dexter and and East Alabama (1818) founded by General John Scott and associates. Although adjacent, the two were laid out on a diagonal to each other.
New Philadelphia, platted on a N-S-E-W grid, had as its main thoroughfare Market Street (now Dexter Avenue) rising gradually from an artesian well at present Court Square toward its eastern terminus, the future site (1846) of the State Capitol. East Alabama, laid out on a NW-SE axis, aligned parallel and perpendicular to the Alabama with its main thoroughfare Main Street (now Commerce Street) extending from the same artesian well northward to the Alabama River.
Six north-south New Philadelphia streets bore the names of naval heroes of the War of 1812 -- Perry, Lawrence, McDonough, Hull, Decatur and Bainbridge and five east-West streets of the first five presidents: Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Madison and Monroe.
A Tale of Two Towns Marker at Court Square. image. Click for full size.
By Mark Hilton, December 1, 2019
2. A Tale of Two Towns Marker at Court Square.
The City is setting up for the dedication of a Rosa Parks Statue on this Rosa Parks Holiday.

East Alabama's streets preserved indigenous games -- Coosa, Tallapoosa -- and honored early settlers in names like Clayton and Bibb. Eventually realizing that rivalry benefitted no one, the founders acceded to a merger, And on December 3, 1819, the Alabama Legislature incorporated the two pioneer settlements into one town, named Montgomery in honor of Revolutionary War hero Richard Montgomery.
In 1822, the first courthouse was erected just to the west of the artesian well on land that had originally been in East Alabama, but facing east to New Philadelphia.

Monument designed by David Keith Braly.
Based on the 1842 map of Montgomery by Alfred Andrew Dexter

 
Erected 2011 by the Society of Pioneers of Montgomery County.
 
Location. 32° 22.636′ N, 86° 18.537′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of Dexter Avenue and South Court Street, on the right when traveling east on Dexter Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2 Dexter Avenue, Montgomery AL 36104, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rosa Parks Statue (a few steps from this marker); Telegram Which Began War Between The States / Winter Building (within shouting distance of this marker); Court Square Fountain
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(within shouting distance of this marker); City of Montgomery / Court Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Rosa Louise McCauley Parks / The Bus Stop (within shouting distance of this marker); Here Stood Mrs. Rosa Parks (within shouting distance of this marker); Naming the City of Montgomery / Brigadier General Richard Montgomery (within shouting distance of this marker); Decorative Lions Heads (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montgomery.
 
Also see . . .  Wikipedia article on the History of Montgomery, Alabama. (Submitted on December 1, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
 
Categories. Native AmericansSettlements & Settlers
 

More. Search the internet for A Tale of Two Towns.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on December 1, 2019. This page originally submitted on December 1, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 39 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on December 1, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.
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