Montgomery in Montgomery County, Alabama — The American South (East South Central)
A Tale of Two Towns
Montgomery, Alabama ~ A City Older Than The State
New Philadelphia, platted on a N-S-E-W grid, had as its main thoroughfare Market Street (now Dexter Avenue) rising gradually from an artesian well at present Court Square toward its eastern terminus, the future site (1846) of the State Capitol. East Alabama, laid out on a NW-SE axis, aligned parallel and perpendicular to the Alabama with its main thoroughfare Main Street (now Commerce Street) extending from the same artesian well northward to the Alabama River.
Six north-south New Philadelphia streets bore the names of naval heroes of the War of 1812 -- Perry, Lawrence, McDonough, Hull, Decatur and Bainbridge and five east-West streets of the first five presidents: Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Madison and Monroe.
East Alabama's streets preserved indigenous games -- Coosa, Tallapoosa -- and honored early settlers in names like Clayton and Bibb. Eventually realizing that rivalry benefitted no one, the founders acceded to a merger, And on December 3, 1819, the Alabama Legislature incorporated the two pioneer settlements into one town, named Montgomery in honor of Revolutionary War hero Richard Montgomery.
In 1822, the first courthouse was erected just to the west of the artesian well on land that had originally been in East Alabama, but facing east to New Philadelphia.
Based on the 1842 map of Montgomery by Alfred Andrew Dexter
Erected 2011 by the Society of Pioneers of Montgomery County.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Native Americans • Settlements & Settlers. A significant historical date for this entry is December 3, 1819.
Location. 32° 22.636′ N, 86° 18.537′ W. Marker is in Montgomery, Alabama, in Montgomery County. Marker is at the intersection of Dexter Avenue and South Court Street, on the right when traveling east on Dexter Avenue. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 2 Dexter Avenue, Montgomery AL 36104, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Rosa Parks Statue (a few steps from this marker); Telegram Which Began War Between The States / Winter BuildingCourt Square Fountain (within shouting distance of this marker); City of Montgomery / Court Square (within shouting distance of this marker); Rosa Louise McCauley Parks / The Bus Stop (within shouting distance of this marker); Here Stood Mrs. Rosa Parks (within shouting distance of this marker); Decorative Lions Heads (within shouting distance of this marker); Lower Dexter Park (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Montgomery.
Also see . . . Wikipedia article on the History of Montgomery, Alabama. (Submitted on December 1, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 1, 2019. It was originally submitted on December 1, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama. This page has been viewed 418 times since then and 140 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on December 1, 2019, by Mark Hilton of Montgomery, Alabama.