Near Castile in Wyoming County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Pages of Geologic Time
Alternating strata of sandstones and shales offer a variety of soft-colored hues in the vertical cliff in front of you. Some shales are dark from highly organic clays, which have a fuel-oil odor caused from decayed plants and animals. Other rusty-brown bands contain oxidized minerals, such as iron.
Midway down this 350-foot cliff, a year-round spring is creating a huge stalagmite weighing several tons. This centuries-old rock, "growing" from precipitated lime mixed with algae and moss, is called tufa.
Erected by Letchworth State Park.
Location. 42° 35.267′ N, 78° 2.061′ W. Marker is near Castile, New Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Castile NY 14427, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Hornby Lodge (within shouting distance of this marker); Seh-Ga-Hun-Da (within shouting distance of this marker); William Pryor Letchworth 1823 - 1910 (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Glacial History (about 300 feet away); Genesee Valley Canal (about 400 feet away); First New York Dragoons / 136th New York Infantry (approx. ¼ mile away); Camp Portage (approx. ¼ mile away); Civil War Parade Ground (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Castile.
Also see . . . Letchworth State Park (Wikipedia). The bedrock exposed in the gorge is Devonian in age, mostly shales, with some layers of limestone and sandstone. The rock was laid down in an ancient inland sea, and it holds many marine fossils. (Submitted on December 3, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.)
Categories. • Natural Features •
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Credits. This page was last revised on December 3, 2019. This page originally submitted on December 3, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 47 times since then. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4. submitted on December 3, 2019, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.