Natchez National Cemetery
Civil War Natchez
In 1860, Natchez was one of the wealthiest cities in the United States. Within the surrounding Adams County, population 19,000, nearly 70 percent were enslaved. A few individuals held the vast majority of those slaves. Forty-one wealthy individuals each owned eighty-nine or more slaves.
When the Civil War began, fifteen companies of Confederate militia formed in Natchez. Wealthy planters equipped many of them with uniforms and weapons. In May 1862, after capturing New Orleans and Baton Rouge, Union gunboats steamed up the Mississippi River and briefly occupied the city. Union troops returned to Natchez on July 13, 1863, and held it throughout the war.
The Union Army used at least two Natchez buildings as military hospitals—Natchez Marine Hospital and "The Gardens," a plantation house. One army report listed a city hospital and a pest house in Natchez used by the military. During the war, 1,784 Union personnel died and were buried in the city.
"Harvest of Death"
Early in 1866, Capt. E. B. Whitman began gathering information in preparation for the reinterment of Union soldiers buried in the
Captain Whitman, later lieutenant colonel, placed newspaper notices seeking locations of Union graves. Citizens, chaplains, soldiers, and officers replied. Whitman made three major expeditions across the region, stopping at hundreds of battlefields and engagement sites. Because of his work, thousands of Union dead were moved to twelve new national cemeteries.
In May 1869, Whitman submitted a detailed summary of this difficult project to the quartermaster general. The report contained sketches and site plans of each cemetery, and data on interments and service affiliations.
In 1866, the government purchased 11 acres near Natchez City Cemetery. Remains were brought here from elsewhere in the city, and sites in Mississippi and Louisiana. By the 1870s, the remains of 3,085 soldiers were interred in the cemetery. The identities of only 305 were known. The cemetery was enclosed by a brick well about 1880. In 1931, the original brick lodge was replaced, and an octagonal rostrum constructed.
One Civil War Medal of Honor recipient, Landsman Wilson Brown, is buried here. His commendation was for gallantry aboard the U.S.S. Hartford during the Battle of Mobile Bay on August 5, 1864. A native of Natchez, he died in 1900 (Section
Erected by U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs.
Marker series. This marker is included in the Medal of Honor Recipients marker series.
Location. 31° 34.869′ N, 91° 23.743′ W. Marker is in Natchez, Mississippi, in Adams County. Marker can be reached from Cemetery Road 0.3 miles north of Maple Street, on the right when traveling north. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 41 Cemetery Road, Natchez MS 39120, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 2 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Address by President Lincoln (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Natchez City Cemetery (approx. 0.4 miles away); Birthplace of Jackson State University (approx. 0.6 miles away); Snakes (approx. 1.2 miles away); Wharlest Jackson, Sr. (approx. 1.2 miles away); Natchez Bluffs and River Views (approx. 1.3 miles away); Rose Hill Missionary Baptist Church (approx. 1.3 miles away); Intersection of High and North Wall Streets (approx. 1.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Natchez.
More about this marker. Located in the cemetery, to the north of the parking area/sexton house. Marker is on top of a bluff, under a small group of trees.
Hours are Sun up to Sun down.
Also see . . . Wikipedia Article for Landsman Wilson Brown. (Submitted on December 14, 2019, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana.)
Categories. • Cemeteries & Burial Sites • Military • Notable Places •
More. Search the internet for Natchez National Cemetery.
Credits. This page was last revised on December 14, 2019. This page originally submitted on December 14, 2019, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana. This page has been viewed 49 times since then and 2 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on December 14, 2019, by Cajun Scrambler of Assumption, Louisiana.