Shaw in Washington, District of Columbia — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
Midcity at the Crossroads
— Shaw Heritage Trail —
The Wheatley YWCA was organized in 1905 by the Booklover's Club, a black women's literary club, to provide housing, recreation, and vocational and Christian guidance to women. It opened at the Miner Institution Building in Southwest Washington. With hundreds of young women migrating to Washington, the YWCA needed a larger facility, opening this one in 1920. Carter G. Woodson frequently lectured and took meals here. The Julia West Hamilton League, organized by Mary Church Terrell to promote philanthropy, education and character, met here. During World War II, Civil Rights leader Dorothy Height worked at the YWCA, which became a social center for black service men and women. Recently renovated, the building provides accommodations for women, day care, and meeting spaces.
The original rowhouse at 901 R Street housed the Clef Club (later Lewis Thomas Cabaret). The façade of the current house
This portrait of Phyllis Wheatley appeared in her book, Poems on Various Subjects.... 1773.
Civil Rights leader Dorothy Height worked at the Phyllis Wheatley YWCA from 1939 until 1944.
The Clef Club (later Lewis Thomas Cabaret) advertised in the Washington Bee. Duke Ellington graced its intimate stage around 1920.
Washington's first all-black company of fire fighters, photographed by Gordon Parks in 1943, respond to an alarm.
Business High School for whites, and then Cardozo Business High School for African-American students, once occupied this block. Cardozo moved to 13th St. in 1950. Students of the white Business High School, right, posed in 1928.
[Caption on image on the reverse of the marker:]
A Phyllis Wheatley YWCA social event, around
Erected 2006 by Cultural Tourism DC. (Marker Number 7.)
Marker series. This marker is included in the Shaw Heritage Trail marker series.
Location. 38° 54.712′ N, 77° 1.431′ W. Marker is in Shaw, District of Columbia, in Washington. Marker is at the intersection of 9th Street Northwest and Rhode Island Avenue Northwest (U.S. 29) on 9th Street Northwest. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1600 9th Street Northwest, Washington DC 20001, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Phyllis Wheatley YWCA (within shouting distance of this marker); Working for the Race (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Carter G. Woodson House (about 400 feet away); Engine Company No. 4 (about 500 feet away); Reading and 'Riting and 'Rithmetic (about 500 feet away); Spiritual Life (about 700 feet away); Daniel A.P. Murray Residence (approx. 0.2 miles away); The Fires of 1968 (approx. 0.2 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Shaw.
Categories. • African Americans • Arts, Letters, Music • Charity & Public Work • Churches & Religion • Civil Rights • Education • Entertainment • Industry & Commerce • Parks & Recreational Areas • War, World II • Women •
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Credits. This page was last revised on December 15, 2019. This page originally submitted on December 15, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia. This page has been viewed 45 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on December 15, 2019, by Devry Becker Jones of Washington, District of Columbia.