Jacksonville in Duval County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
The Third Union Invasion
Jacksonville On The Edge Of The Civil War
— Camp Melton Historic Preserve —
The Third Union invasion was significant because it was the first deployment of African American troops in Florida by the federal government. The 33rd USCT (United States Colored Troops), formerly known as the 1st South Carolina Colored Infantry was sent to invade Jackson on March 10, 1863. Military records show that many of these soldiers were volunteers from the plantations and Northeast Florida.
The 55th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry was ordered to Jacksonville during the fourth Union occupation . On February 19, 1864, Union Brigadier General Truman Seymour led six companies of the 55th as part of a larger force toward the battle of Olustee. The 54th Massachusetts , portrayed in the movie “Glory.” Joined forces with the 55th for this expedition.
President Lincoln sent the Union to Jacksonville for a third invasion to confiscate Confederate supplies and recruit additional “colored” troops. Union arrival of the USCT soldiers, Confederate Brigadier General Joseph Finegan wrote:
“I feel it is my duty as Brigadier General
The purpose of this movement is obvious and need not be mentioned in direct terms. It is sufficient to inspire the whole body of the people with a renewed and sterner purpose of resistance.”
In March, 1863, Union Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Higginson directed USCT soldiers to erect two forts astride the railroad tracks. Skirmishes followed using cannons mounted on railroad cars. On March 29, the Union troops set fire to six city blocks as they departed.
Location. 30° 20.108′ N, 81° 52.075′ W. Marker is in Jacksonville, Florida, in Duval County. Memorial can be reached from Halsema Road North 0.4 miles north of Old Plank Road, on the right when traveling north. Located within the Camp Milton Historic Preserve. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1225 Halsema Rd N, Jacksonville FL 32220, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Harriet B. Stowe Live Oak (within shouting distance of this marker); The Tension Of War (within shouting distance of this marker); Jefferson Davis Live Oak (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); The Harvey Farm Life Under Siege (about 500 feet away); Stonewall Jackson Prayer Oak (about 600 feet away); Fort Fisher Live Oak (about 600 feet away); Lincoln’s Tomb White Oak (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Jacksonville.
Categories. • African Americans • Parks & Recreational Areas • War, US Civil •
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Credits. This page was last revised on December 20, 2019. This page originally submitted on December 19, 2019, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. This page has been viewed 48 times since then and 5 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6. submitted on December 19, 2019, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.