St Augustine in St. Johns County, Florida — The American South (South Atlantic)
Water wheels were common sources of energy in America throughout the 1800s and into the early 1900s.
A Water Wheel is a machine that converts the energy of free-flowing water into useful forms of power, often in a watermill. It consists of a large wooden or metal wheel, with a number of blades or buckets arranged on the outside rim forming the driving surface.
Water wheels were invented between the 3rd and 1st century BC. The Romans used them for irrigation and as a power source.
This water wheel is a replica of an Overshot Wheel, the most common style of water wheel used in St. Augustine and throughout the country.
The Overshot Wheel harnesses the force of gravity on the water as it travels from the top to the bottom of the wheel. As the wheel turns, it powers the machinery inside the building.
Around here, Water Wheels turned millstones to grind wheat and corn into flour. They powered presses to turn sugar cane into syrup, grind indigo into pigment, and wood into pulp for papermaking. Water wheels also ran the saw mills that cut trees into lumber.
Location. 29° 54.242′ N, 81° 19.261′ W. Marker is in St Augustine, Florida, in St. Johns County. Marker is at the intersection of North Ponce De Leon Boulevard (U.S. 1) and Old Mission Avenue, on the left when traveling north on North Ponce De Leon Boulevard. Marker located in front of the Old Town Trolley Welcome Center. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 1305 N Ponce De Leon Blvd, Saint Augustine FL 32084, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. 1902 Steam-Powered Tractor (within shouting distance of this marker); 33 Bernard Street (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Mission Nombre de Dios (approx. ¼ mile away); The Old Senator (approx. ¼ mile away); Spreading the Wealth Since 1900 (approx. 0.3 miles away); The 1910 Mary Peck House (approx. 0.3 miles away); Chain Gangs (approx. 0.3 miles away); The Old St. Johns County Jail (approx. 0.3 miles away).
Categories. • Agriculture • Industry & Commerce •
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Credits. This page was last revised on December 30, 2019. This page originally submitted on December 28, 2019, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. This page has been viewed 48 times since then and 7 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on December 28, 2019, by Brandon D Cross of Flagler Beach, Florida. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.