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Albany in Albany County, New York — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Fort Orange

Built in 1624

 
 
Fort Orange Marker image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, August 19, 2019
1. Fort Orange Marker
Inscription.  Mere yards ahead of you once stood Fort Orange, the first permanent Dutch settlement in North America.

The Dutch West India Company built Fort Orange at the most strategic crossroads in the region — at the head of the trail into Mohawk territory and near the confluence of the Hudson and Mohawk Rivers. This position made the fort the most important center of diplomacy and trade between the Dutch colonists and Native peoples in northeastern America.

In the mid and late 1600s, what would become the city of Albany grew outside the fort walls and spread mostly north and west, along what are today's Broadway and State Street. The fort was abandoned in 1676, and by that time Albany was firmly established as a busy and influential hub of social, political, and economic life in the colonies.

An earlier fort, Nassau, was built in 1614, slightly south of Fort Orange, but was washed away within a few years by floods.
While Fort Nassau was short-lived, it has an important role in history. By building it six years before the Pilgrims founded the Plymouth Colony, the Dutch signaled their claim to the region
Marker detail: <i>Fort Orange, 1635</i>, by Len Tantillo image. Click for full size.
2. Marker detail: Fort Orange, 1635, by Len Tantillo
and established a presence that grew into what would become the city of Albany and New York State.
 
Erected 2016 by Albany Cultural Heritage & Tourism Partnership, Dutch Culture USA, New York State Museum, Downtown Albany Business Improvement District and SUNY.
 
Location. 42° 38.794′ N, 73° 44.982′ W. Marker is in Albany, New York, in Albany County. Marker is at the intersection of Broadway (New York State Route 5) and Frontage Road, on the left when traveling south on Broadway. Marker is located on the sidewalk. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 351 Broadway, Albany NY 12207, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Albany - Capital of New York 200 Years (about 600 feet away, measured in a direct line); Declaration of Independence Centennial Memorial (about 600 feet away); SUNY Plaza (about 600 feet away); Second Albany City Hall (about 600 feet away); Site of First Poor House in the United States (about 700 feet away); Henry Hudson (about 800 feet away); Building A Place to Live (approx. 0.2 miles away); 1st Telephone Central Office in New York State (approx. mile away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Albany.
 
Also see . . .
1. Fort Orange. Fort Orange is the name given to the fur trading post erected
Marker detail: Hudson River Travel image. Click for full size.
Courtesy Albany Archive/Albany Postcard Project
3. Marker detail: Hudson River Travel
The building behind you was built in 1907 as the ticket office for the Hudson River Day Line, one of America's most successful steamboat passenger lines, serving tens of thousands of travelers each year. In 1948, the Day Line made its last run from Albany to New York City, bringing to an end the era of steamboat travel on the Hudson River that began with Robert Fulton's maiden voyage of the Clermont in 1807.
in 1624 on the west bank of the Hudson just south of the future site of Albany. The Dutch West India Company built similar structures to serve as their headquarters in many parts of their worldwide trading empire. The Company staffed the "fort" with employees to conduct business, kept a small detachment of soldiers to protect the outpost and maintain order, and sponsored a number of farmers to provide food and other necessities. Some of each of those groups of settlers lived in small huts within the fort. The others lived in separate structures located outside the walls. (Submitted on January 1, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 

2. Fort Nassau. First Dutch trading post and stockade 1614-1618. Built on Castle island East side of Hudson River South of present Rensselaer (Patroon's Island). Said to have been the first permanent building in New York. Washed out by a river flood. Fort Orange built on the riverbank in 1624. Island has merged with shore since then. (Submitted on January 1, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.) 
 
Categories. Colonial EraForts, CastlesSettlements & Settlers
 
Fort Orange Marker<br>(<i>Broadway & Frontage Road in background</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, August 19, 2019
4. Fort Orange Marker
(Broadway & Frontage Road in background)
Former Hudson River Day Line Ticket Office<br>(<i>located just north of marker</i>) image. Click for full size.
By Cosmos Mariner, August 19, 2019
5. Former Hudson River Day Line Ticket Office
(located just north of marker)
 

More. Search the internet for Fort Orange.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 1, 2020. This page originally submitted on January 1, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida. This page has been viewed 43 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3, 4, 5. submitted on January 1, 2020, by Cosmos Mariner of Cape Canaveral, Florida.
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