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Collinsville in Madison County, Illinois — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
 

Collinsville

Main Street of America

 
 
Collinsville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, December 22, 2019
1. Collinsville Marker
Inscription.  Imagine Main Street in the early 1900s. Horses pull supply wagons stocked with fruits, vegetables, and dry goods to shops facing the thoroughfare. Trolleys bounce and clang as they trundle down rails at the street's center. Bicyclists weave between clattering automobiles and strolling shoppers.

Now imagine this scene repeated in cities from Cumberland, Md., to East St. Louis, Ill. Collinsville's Main Street is part of the National Road, a 19th-century highway that linked the East Coast to the Mississippi River. The road connected Collinsville to river ports, county seats, and state capitals.

While the National Road has been eclipsed by modern highways and interstates, Collinsville's Main Street still serves as a corridor for art, commerce, and community.

Transportation Station

In 1891, Collinsville's city countil approved a proposal for a railway connecting Main Street to commercial districts in neighboring cities. By 1900, streetcars on the Collinsville, Caseyville and East St. Louis Electric lines circulated between Madison and St. Clair counties.

Coal-fired Economy

Dr.
Collinsville Marker image. Click for full size.
By Jason Voigt, December 22, 2019
2. Collinsville Marker
Marker is at Collins Park, behind the D.D. Collins House.
Octavious Lumaghi sank Lumaghi Mine No. 1 in 1869. More mines followed. Driven by rail access and rich coal deposits, Collinsville's industrial and commercial sectors flourished.

By 1922, coal miners and their families made up nearly a third of Collinsville's 9,800 residents. Main Street merchants prospered, providing goods and services to a growing population employed by the mines and outgrowth industries.

Photo captions:

Grosze Bros. Quality Shop operated at 304 West Main from about 1905 to 1915. The store sold items ranging from groceries to gasoline.

Thomas A. Riggins sold groceries on Main Street for close to 40 years.

(aside:)

A Road of Dirt, Rock, And Dreams

In 1806, President Thomas Jefferson signed legislation to provide federal funding for a National Road. Surveyed from Cumberland, Md., to the Mississippi River, the National Road was a highway for pioneers eager to settle the West.

Today, as US 40, the National Road in Illinois spans 164 miles. From Indiana to East St. Louis, you can still see how the ambitions and accomplishments of early Illinois immigrants shaped our communities. You'll find their influence in our art and architecture, our industry and agriculture, and in our way of life. Enjoy your time on the Road.
 
Erected by
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National Road Association of Illinois.
 
Marker series. This marker is included in the The Historic National Road marker series.
 
Location. 38° 40.055′ N, 89° 59.673′ W. Marker is in Collinsville, Illinois, in Madison County. Marker is on North Combs Avenue just north of West Main Street, on the left when traveling south. Marker is located at Collins Park, which is behind the D.D. Collins House. It can be accessed from a parking lot from West Clay Street. Touch for map. Marker is at or near this postal address: 703 West Main St, Collinsville IL 62234, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. The D.D. Collins House (within shouting distance of this marker); The Blum House (approx. 0.2 miles away); Stockade (approx. 3 miles away); Cahokia (approx. 3 miles away); Cahokia Mounds (approx. 3.6 miles away); Monks Mound (approx. 3.6 miles away); Grand Plaza (approx. 3.7 miles away); Mound 72 (approx. 3.9 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Collinsville.
 
Also see . . .  Collinsville & Fairmont City. From the Illinois National Road's YouTube channel, this is a short video that talks about the two cities that were on the Historic National Road. Collinsville is mentioned first. (Submitted on January 2, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois.) 
 
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Industry & CommerceParks & Recreational AreasRailroads & StreetcarsRoads & Vehicles
 

More. Search the internet for Collinsville.
 
Credits. This page was last revised on January 2, 2020. This page originally submitted on January 2, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. This page has been viewed 42 times since then. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on January 2, 2020, by Jason Voigt of Glen Carbon, Illinois. • Devry Becker Jones was the editor who published this page.
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