“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Kalya in Megilot Council, West Bank, Palestinian Territories — The Middle East

Qumran Cave 1 / מערת 1

Qumran Cave 1 Marker image. Click for full size.
By Erez Speiser, March 15, 2018
1. Qumran Cave 1 Marker
Inscription.  In 1947, three Bedouin shepherds discovered eight clay jars in this cave. One jar contained three scrolls: the complete Isaiah Scroll (written in popular version), the Community Rule (the rule book of the Qumran Sect), and the Habakkuk Commentary (an interpretation of the Book of Habakkuk in light of the events of the Second Temple Period). Later, four additional scrolls were discovered in the cave: a second version of the Book of Isaiah, written in the Masoretic style, the War Scroll, which describes a war to be followed by Judgment Day, the Thanksgiving Scroll, containing forty psalms of thanksgiving, and the Genesis apocryphon, written in Aramaic in a narrative style and expanding on the Genesis stories.

במערה זו מצאו שלושה רועים בדואים בשנת 1947, במקרה, שמונה קנקני חרס. בתוך אחד הקנקנים

Qumran cave image. Click for full size.
By Erez Speiser, March 15, 2018
2. Qumran cave
היו שלוש מגילות: מגילת ישעיהו השלמה, שבה כל ספר ישעיהו כתוב בנוסח עממי; מגילת סרך היחד, שבה ספר התקנות של אנשי כת מדבר יהודה; ומגילת ספר חבקוק, על סמך אירועים שהתרחשו בתקופת הבית השני. מאוחר יותר התגלו במערה ארבע מגילות נוספות: מגילת ישעיהו נוסח
Ancient Qumran ruins image. Click for full size.
By Erez Speiser, March 15, 2018
3. Ancient Qumran ruins
ב', הכתובה בנוסח המקורה; מגילת מלחמת בני אור בבני חושך, המתארת את המלחמה שלאחריה יבוא יום הדין; מגילת ההודיות, המכילה ארבעים מזמורי תודה; ומגילה חיצונית לספר בראשית, שנכתבה ארמית ומרחיבה את הכתוב בספר בראשית באופן סיפורי.

Location. 31° 44.509′ N, 35° 27.589′ 
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E. Marker is in Kalya, West Bank, in Megilot Council. Marker can be reached from Route 90. The marker is located inside the Qumran National Park. Touch for map. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Ritual Bath (within shouting distance of this marker); The Bursar of the Congregation (about 90 meters away, measured in a direct line); Kiln (about 90 meters away); The Refectory (about 90 meters away); Pottery Storeroom (about 90 meters away); Kitchen (about 90 meters away); Work Area (about 120 meters away); The Scrolls Cave (about 210 meters away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Kalya.
Regarding Qumran Cave 1 / מערת 1. In 1946, a Bedouin teenager accidentally found seven ancient scrolls housed in jars in a cave in the wadi near Qumran. He had no idea that this was the beginning of such a significant discovery. Today we know that the Dead Sea scrolls are one of the most important archeological findings in Israel’s history, but at that time, the first seven scrolls were sold to an antique dealer in Bethlehem for a total of 28 USD. The caves and remains from the ancient town where the Essenes sect people lived can be visited in the Qumran National Park.
Also see . . .  Qumran Guide. (Submitted on January 6, 2020, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet.)
Categories. Churches & ReligionNotable Places

More. Search the internet for Qumran Cave 1 / מערת 1.
Credits. This page was last revised on January 8, 2020. This page originally submitted on January 6, 2020, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet. This page has been viewed 40 times since then. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on January 6, 2020, by Erez Speiser of Rakefet. • Andrew Ruppenstein was the editor who published this page.
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