Near Machiasport in Washington County, Maine — The American Northeast (New England)
Historic Fort Machias
Built in 1775 immediately after the first naval battle of the American Revolution took place offshore, Fort Machias was a four-gun battery that guarded the mouth of the Machias River in cooperation with Fort Foster, located a mile or so upriver. The British destroyed the fort in the same year. This state historic site is one of few Maine forts active during three wars - the American Revolution, War of 1812 and Civil War. The fort's layout was altered several times over the 90 years it was active on this site, but the fort's important role in protecting the Machias River and its towns remained unchanged. It was refortified in 1777.
From 1808 - 1818, this was a four-gun crescent-shaped earthwork fort. In 1814 the British captured the fort and burned the barracks. It was returned in 1818.
In the middle of the earthworks of the Civil War era battery is a bronze cannon known as a "Napoleon” or 12-pounder. It fired 12 pound cannonballs, spherical case shot, or cannister, the latter being made up of numerous small pieces of iron that tore
Fort O'Brien (1863 - 1865) was a Civil War five- gun earthworks fort built next to the ruins of Fort Machias. Well-preserved earthworks which overlook Machias Bay were erected for a battery of guns in 1863. In 1923, the United States Government deeded the site of both forts to the State of Maine.
The Foster Rubicon
A bronze tablet, mounted on a stone on the east side of Route 92 between here and Machias, reads:
Near this spot, in June 1775, the men of Machias, confronted by a peremptory demand backed by armed force that they should furnish necessary supplies to their country's enemies, met in open air council to choose between ignoble peace and all but hopeless war. The question was momentous and the debate was long. After some hours of fruitless discussion, Benjamin Foster, a man of action rather than words, leaped across this brook and called all those to follow him who would, whatever the risk, stand by their countrymen and
There are lots of other sights to see in the Downeast region, including Roque Bluffs, Cobscook Bay, Shackford Head, and Quoddy Head State Parks, as well as Campobello Island in Canada
Erected by Maine Department of Conservation Bureau of Parks and Lands.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: War of 1812 • War, US Civil • War, US Revolutionary. A significant historical month for this entry is June 1775.
Location. 44° 41.384′ N, 67° 23.783′ W. Marker is near Machiasport, Maine, in Washington County. Marker can be reached from Port Road, on the left when traveling south. Marker is in Fort O'Brien State Historic Site. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Machiasport ME 04655, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within 4 miles of this marker, measured as the crow flies. Birthplace of the U.S. Navy (here, next to this marker); World War I Memorial (approx. 3.4 miles away); First Naval Battle of the American Revolution (approx. 3.4 miles away); Veterans Memorial (approx. 3.4 miles away); The Machias River (approx. 3.4 miles away); Libby Hall (approx. 3˝ miles away); First Permanent English Settlement in Machias Bay (approx. 3˝ miles away); Burnham Tavern (approx. 3˝ miles away).
Also see . . . Fort O'Brien. (Submitted on January 31, 2020, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York.)
Credits. This page was last revised on February 2, 2020. It was originally submitted on January 31, 2020, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York. This page has been viewed 237 times since then and 88 times this year. Photos: 1, 2. submitted on January 31, 2020, by Steve Stoessel of Niskayuna, New York. • Michael Herrick was the editor who published this page.