“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Petersburg in Grant County, West Virginia — The American South (Appalachia)

Protecting Supplies

Protecting Supplies Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Shane Oliver, August 1, 2020
1. Protecting Supplies Marker
As you stand here, near the middle of Fort Mulligan, its sheer size becomes apparent. It is approximately 700 feet east to west and 400 feet north to south at its widest point. Surrounding you are the Fort’s intricate inner works called bombproofs, which likely housed men, ammunition and some foodstuffs. You are standing between two bombproofs and directly in front of you is a third, much larger. The remains of a fourth exists to the left. These structures were covered with logs and a layer of earth that would have stopped opposing artillery fire. These are the structures that were destroyed by Confederate General Jubal Early’s forces in January of 1864, after Federal troops had abandoned the post. General Early stated that his men “demolished the works, which contained several bombproof shelters for men, and magazines for ammunition and other stores.”

Fort Mulligan was used as a forward post and auxiliary depot to supply Union troops on their expeditions against Confederate forces. Almost all supplies came 38 miles by wagon train from the railroad at New Creek Station (Keyser). These trains, the mail,
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couriers and scouting patrols were all subject to attack by the McNeill Rangers or other Confederate groups. Only forage for horses was gathered locally, with garrison troops forced to go as far as 15 miles to gather it.

From the Letters of Joshua Winters, January 9th, 1864.
“Dear sister, it is with plazer that i seat miself this eaving to answer your letter. i wood of writtin sooner but the mail didant go from hear for a fue days. .... well i suppose you hurd of the wagon train a bein taken betwean hearand New Crick. thay got sum of the gards that was on the train but i gess thay onley got one or to of our regment. the rest got away. i gess thay was a lettel excited about the rail rode. thay thout the rebs was a goin to try it again. we was a lookin for them hear but thay didant trubel us. thay was betwean hear and New Crick. we coodant hear from New Crick a tall. we packed up and loud to leve hear the morning of the 6 at three in the morning. we had every ting reddy to burn when thair was a dispach cum to stay hear. we had destroid a good deal of grub before the order com. we thout we was a goin to git to leve hear but we was disapinted. i gess the rebs is all gone back and the scare is over. ... i was on pickit last night and am to sleepy to write mutch today. ... i will write soon a gain. giv mi love to all. no more from your
Protecting Supplies Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. J. Prats, July 15, 2008
2. Protecting Supplies Marker
brother, Joshua Winters.”

Erected by Civil War Preservation Trust.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Forts and CastlesWar, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is January 1864.
Location. 39° 0.05′ N, 79° 8.383′ W. Marker is in Petersburg, West Virginia, in Grant County. Marker can be reached from the Grant Memorial Hospital Parking Lot south of Houghlin Lane (West Virginia Route 55). Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Petersburg WV 26847, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Defending the Fort (within shouting distance of this marker); The Last Days of Fort Mulligan (within shouting distance of this marker); Civil War Cannons (within shouting distance of this marker); Parrott Rifle (within shouting distance of this marker); The Irish Brigade & the McNeill Rangers / The Civil War Comes to Hardy County (about 300 feet away, measured in a direct line); Welcome to Fort Mulligan Civil War Site (about 300 feet away); A Strategic Location (about 300 feet away); The Impregnable Fortress (about 300 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Petersburg.
More about this marker. On the lower left is a photograph of soldiers at a log cabin captioned “The headquarters of Mulligan’s
Fort Mulligan Earthworks as Seen from this Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By J. J. Prats, July 15, 2008
3. Fort Mulligan Earthworks as Seen from this Marker
Irish Brigade at New Creek in 1862.” On the lower right is a portrait of “Private Joshua Winters, First (W) VA Volunteer Infantry (1843–1900).”
Credits. This page was last revised on December 17, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 19, 2008, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. This page has been viewed 1,331 times since then and 36 times this year. Photos:   1. submitted on December 17, 2020, by Shane Oliver of Richmond, Virginia.   2. submitted on December 19, 2008, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio.   3. submitted on December 20, 2008, by J. J. Prats of Powell, Ohio. • Craig Swain was the editor who published this page.

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Dec. 10, 2023