Chillicothe in Ross County, Ohio — The American Midwest (Great Lakes)
Banking Crisis of 1819
To provide direction and stability to the economy, Congress created the nation's largest lending agency in 1816, the Second Bank of the United States. Branch banks were established around the country, two of them in Ohio-Chillicothe and Cincinnati. The Chillicothe branch was located in a building on this site. The presence of these branches adversely affected the ability of state chartered and independent banks, which had long printed and lent their own money without the backing of species. When the Secretary of Treasury forced the state chartered and independent banks to redeem their notes in specie, at a time when a sharp recession hit the nation in 1819, a wave of protest arose from those connected with those banks. In February 1819, Ohio's General Assembly levied a tax of $50,000 on each of the two branch banks, and bank officers were given until September 1 to comply with the law.
The state's new bank tax was to be collected by state auditor Ralph Osborn. If payment was refused, Osborn was authorized to search the bank under what has been termed the “crowbar law”
Erected 2003 by Ohio Bicentennial Commission, The Longaberger Company, Chillicothe and Ross County 2003 Commission, and The Ohio Historical Society. (Marker Number 11-71.)
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in these topic lists: Government & Politics • Industry & Commerce • Notable Events. In addition, it is included in the Ohio Historical Society / The Ohio History Connection series list. A significant historical date for this entry is September 17, 1819.
Location. 39° 20.08′ N, 82° 58.939′ W. Marker is in Chillicothe, Ohio, in Ross County. Marker is at the Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Chillicothe OH 45601, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Site of Ohio's First Statehouse (about 500 feet away, measured in a direct line); The "Statehood Riots" / The Enabling Act 1802 (about 500 feet away); Enderlin Civil War Memorial (about 500 feet away); Donald E. McHenry (about 500 feet away); Court House Renovation (about 500 feet away); Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Ohio (about 500 feet away); Ross County World War I Memorial (about 500 feet away); Cultural Influences of Chillicothe and Ross County (about 600 feet away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Chillicothe.
Credits. This page was last revised on March 7, 2021. It was originally submitted on December 23, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. This page has been viewed 927 times since then and 43 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on December 23, 2008, by William Fischer, Jr. of Scranton, Pennsylvania. • Kevin W. was the editor who published this page.