“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Chillicothe, Ohio

Clickable Map of Ross County, Ohio and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Ross County, OH (74) Fayette County, OH (32) Highland County, OH (36) Hocking County, OH (30) Jackson County, OH (55) Pickaway County, OH (45) Pike County, OH (19) Vinton County, OH (18)  RossCounty(74) Ross County (74)  FayetteCounty(32) Fayette County (32)  HighlandCounty(36) Highland County (36)  HockingCounty(30) Hocking County (30)  JacksonCounty(55) Jackson County (55)  PickawayCounty(45) Pickaway County (45)  PikeCounty(19) Pike County (19)  VintonCounty(18) Vinton County (18)
Chillicothe is the county seat for Ross County
Chillicothe is in Ross County
      Ross County (74)  
      Fayette County (32)  
      Highland County (36)  
      Hocking County (30)  
      Jackson County (55)  
      Pickaway County (45)  
      Pike County (19)  
      Vinton County (18)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — A Cannon Captured from the British in Revolutionary War. — Moyock, N. C. May 9, 1908
Maj. Wh. Poland, Treas. Park Comm., Chillicothe, O. Dear sir: the cannon sent you for Yogtangee Park was captured from the British under Lord Dunmore at the Battle of Great Bridge, Va. Dec. 9 1775; The Americans being under command of John . . . Map (db m213173) HM WM
2Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — A Replica of Ohio's First Capitol
This building, erected in 1940, is a replica of Ohio's first capitol. The stone below and the one beneath the opposite bronze plaque were taken from Ohio's first state house, erected in 1800 - the same year in which the Chillicothe Gazette was . . . Map (db m14650) HM
3Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — A Stone
A stone from Ohio's first capitol erected on this site A.D. 1800Map (db m202500) HM
4Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 10-72 — Abrams' Big House
With the Division Act of 1800, the U.S. Congress divided the Northwest Territory at a line essentially the present boundary of Indiana and Ohio. The Indiana Territory stood west of the line. The name Northwest Territory was retained for the land . . . Map (db m14627) HM
5Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Arthur St. Clair's Headquarters
Gen. Arthur St. Clair First Governor of the N.W. Territory, had his headquarters here, 1800 - 1802Map (db m14666) HM
6Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 11-71 — Banking Crisis of 1819
[Marker Front]: To provide direction and stability to the economy, Congress created the nation's largest lending agency in 1816, the Second Bank of the United States. Branch banks were established around the country, two of them in . . . Map (db m14630) HM
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7Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 6-71 — Birthplace of Lucy Ware Webb Hayes / Lucy Webb Hayes, 1831 - 1889
Side A: Birthplace of Lucy Ware Webb Hayes First Lady Lucy Ware Webb Hayes was born in this four-room Federal Vernacular house in 1831. Well educated for her time, she attended local schools, took classes in the preparatory department of Ohio . . . Map (db m14655) HM
8Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 9-71 — Burton Egbert Stevenson
[Marker Front]: Born in Chillicothe in 1872, Burton Stevenson's life was devoted to the written word as a prolific author and anthologist, and as a librarian. Following stints as a journalist while a student at Princeton University and then . . . Map (db m14683) HM
9Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 8-71 — Camp Bull
Situated on land owned by Thomas Worthington, Camp Bull was a stockade constructed in this vicinity to confine British prisoners of war during the War of 1812. When Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry defeated the British fleet on Lake Erie on September . . . Map (db m14631) HM
10Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 7-71 — Camp Sherman
Side A: The United States declared war on Germany in April 1917. Largely through the efforts of Chillicothe attorney John Poland, the War Department selected Chillicothe as the site of an army training camp for inductees from Ohio, West . . . Map (db m14640) HM
11Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Camp Sherman Memorial Park — In Memory Of
The thousands of men who during 1917-1918 became soldiers here under the training of Maj. General Edwin F. Glenn of the 83rd Division and in other units. . . The thousands of men who under the guidance of A. Bentley & Sons of Toledo, Ohio, in two . . . Map (db m14641) HM
12Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Casualties of War — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group —
In June 1917, the War Department took possession of the Mound City Group mounds. With President Woodrow Wilson's commitment to fight Germany in World War I, the nation needed places to train its troops. As 2,000 buildings were feverishly . . . Map (db m166826) HM
13Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Ceremonial Places — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Archaeology is the science of decoding what ancient people left behind, The pattern of holes found in the ground here represents the decoding of one of the most distinctive traditions of the Ohio Hopewell, the construction and use of . . . Map (db m166829) HM
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14Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Chillicothe — Corporation Limit Marker
First Capital of Ohio 1803-1810, 1812-1816.Map (db m159670) HM
15Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Chillicothe — Corporation Limit Marker
First capital of Ohio 1803 - 1810 1812 - 1816Map (db m200832) HM
16Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Chillicothe — Capital of the Northwest Territory and First Capital of Ohio
The state of Ohio was made possible by the treaty of Paris, 1783, which made the great lakes the northern boundary of the new United States. In 1787 congress established the Northwest Territory, dedicated to freedom and public education, with . . . Map (db m202501) HM
17Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Court House Renovation
In testimonial and public recognition of the renovation and restoration of the Probate and the Juvenile Divisions of the Common Pleas Court, the Ross County Bar Association memorializes and commends the Board of County Commissioners of Ross County, . . . Map (db m14661) HM
18Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Cultural Influences of Chillicothe and Ross County
(Marker 1, Native Americans) During the course of Chillicothe’s history many diverse groups have come to inhabit the area with the earliest being the Native American as early as the late 1600's. During the American Revolution, the Shawnees . . . Map (db m14644) HM
19Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Cultural Transitions — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group —
Mound 1, covered with trees in the woods before you, is much the way Squier and Davis found Mound City's earthworks in 1846. By 1,500 years ago the high ceremony of the Hopewell culture had declined. They stopped building large ceremonial . . . Map (db m166830) HM
20Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 13-71 — Dard Hunter
This classic Gothic Revival home built in the early 1850s, was one of Ohio's early wineries with terraced hillside vineyards overlooking the city of Chillicothe. From 1919 until his death in 1966, it served as the home and working studio of noted . . . Map (db m14656) HM
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21Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Donald E. McHenry — 1935 - 1990 — Surveyor - Engineer —
City Engineer 1964-1971 President of the Rotary Club 1975-1976 Member of the Medical Center Construction Board Member of Community Improvement Corporation Advisor to Chillicothe-Ross Library Board Chairman of Chillicothe Streetscape . . . Map (db m14664) HM
22Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Effigy Pipes — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group —
Although small and rather ordinary, this mound (Mound 8) contained a remarkable find. Nearly 200 pipes-mostly broken-were discovered here. Skillfully carved from stone, the pipes faithfully detailed human heads and indigenous animals. The pipe . . . Map (db m20994) HM
23Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Elliptical Mound — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
A large number of spear-heads. .. beautifully chipped . had been placed here; but, out of a bushel or two of fragments, four specimens only were recovered entire. Squier and Davis, 1846
. . . Map (db m166828) HM
24Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Enderlin Civil War Memorial
Erected 1917 by Richard Enderlin Co. B. 73 Regt. O.V.V.I. to the memory of his comrades who helped to preserve the Union LOYALTYMap (db m14645) HM
25Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — First Court of Ross County
Here stood the two-story log house in which sat the first court of Ross Co., 1798. Here met the Legislature of the N. W. Territory, 1800-1801-1802. In the War of 1812, this was the U. S. Arsenal and Barracks.Map (db m14770) HM
26Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 2-71 — Grand Lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Ohio
On this site, on January 4-7, 1808, the six Masonic lodges then existent in the state met and formed the Grand Lodge of Ohio. General Rufus Putnam of Marietta was elected the first Grand Master. Because of advanced age and failing health, he . . . Map (db m14660) HM
27Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Harold "Pat" White Jr. — Memorial Drinking Fountain
This drinking fountain was erected in memory of Harold "Pat" White Jr., U.S. Army Air Corps veteran of World War II and longtime Chillicothe businessperson. For over 30 years Pat was an enthusiastic participant and promoter of physical fitness, . . . Map (db m82202) HM
28Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Historic Site in Journalism — [The Chillicothe Gazette]
The Chillicothe Gazette, published since 1800, is the oldest newspaper west of the Allegheny Mountains and the oldest business establishment in Ohio. The newspaper played an important part in American history, specifically through its part in . . . Map (db m14651) HM
29Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Home of Chillicothe Newspapers — Erected In 1940
. . . Map (db m202516) HM
30Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group
(north face) The World's Most Spectacular Concentration of Ancient Earthworks No where else on earth are there so many of these unique ceremonial complexes so close together. Many scientists suspect that Ross County, Ohio, . . . Map (db m166825) HM
31Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Maygrass — Phalaris caroliniana
Maygrass seeds are highly nutritious & are some of the most common members of the Eastern Agricultural Complex found at Hopewell and Late Woodland sites. Maygrass was cultivated, but shows no signs of domestication. Its seeds were likely eaten, and . . . Map (db m200843) HM
32Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Mica Splendor — Hopewell Culture National Historical Park — Mound City Group — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
With the building of Camp Sherman, the army leveled this mound-Mound 13-to three feet above ground and built a barrack over it. In 1920 Ohio archeologists led by William Mills excavated the mound and were astonished to uncover the cremated . . . Map (db m20996) HM
33Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Nathaniel Massie
In memory of Nathaniel Massie Revolutionary War Veteran, Deputy Surveyor of the Northwest Territory, member of Ohio's Constitutional Convention of 1802, speaker of the Ohio Senate, First Major General, Second Division, Ohio . . . Map (db m202502) HM
34Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Quinn Chapel African Methodist Episcopal (A.M.E.) Church — Founded 1821 — Historic Underground Railroad —
[Marker Front]: Methodism was known in Chillicothe as early as 1796. During the early years, 1803-1821, both African American and white Methodists worshipped together in a small brick church, located on the north side of Second Street . . . Map (db m14665) HM
35Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Ross County Civil War Memorial
In honor of the Patriotic Men of Ross County who gave their lives in the war for the preservation of the Union their grateful fellow citizens have erected this monument May 30th, 1875Map (db m14653) HM
36Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Ross County Earthworks — The Arc Of Appalachia Junction Earthworks Archeological Park & Nature Preserve
The most spectacular concentration of ancient earthworks in the world. Of the three dozen major earthwork complexes built by the Hopewell Culture, a full two thirds of them fall within the boundaries of modern Ross County. Five of these . . . Map (db m166837) HM
37Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Ross County World War I Memorial
In honor of the boys from Ross County who gave their lives in the service of their country 1917 - 1919 Allen, Albert F. • Bitzer, Russell • Bollinger, Albert • Bower, Donald B. • Brown, Edward B. • Brown, Elmer G. • Brown, Lorain • Crouse, . . . Map (db m14646) WM
38Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Ross Couty Revolutionary War Memorial
In memory of the men who fought in the Revolutionary War and are buried in Ross County.Map (db m202506) WM
39Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Scioto Lodge No. 6 F. & A. M.
One of the lodges which in 1808 founded the Grand Lodge Free and Accepted Masons of Ohio Erected January 7, 1958Map (db m14662) HM
40Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 3-71 — Site of Ohio's First Statehouse
Ross County's first courthouse was Ohio's first statehouse. The courthouse was erected on the Public Square in 1801. Thomas Worthington, one of the building's superintendents, laid out the foundation. Chillicothe was the last capital of the . . . Map (db m173293) HM
41Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Story Mound — A Classic Burial Mound of the Adena Culture — Story Mound State Memorial —
Story Mound is a typical burial mound of the Adena culture, which lived in southern Ohio and neighboring parts of Kentucky and West Virginia between about 800 BCE and 100 CE. The Adena culture was named for the mound excavated on the . . . Map (db m166835) HM
42Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 8-71 — The "Statehood Riots" / The Enabling Act 1802
Side A: The "Statehood Riots” The first Northwest Territory assembly formally met in Cincinnati in September 1799 to initiate self-government. The legislators were deeply divided politically. The Republicans (antifederalists or . . . Map (db m14682) HM
43Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — The Carlisle
has been listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1885Map (db m202507) HM
44Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — 5-71 — The Chillicothe Gazette
The oldest commercial enterprise in Ohio, the Chillicothe Gazette began publication on April 25, 1800, as Freeman's Journal and Chillicothe Advertiser. That October it became the Scioto Gazette, and Chillicothe has had a Gazette ever since. It is . . . Map (db m14652) HM
45Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — The First Baptist Church — Historic Underground Railroad
In July 1824, David Nickens assisted by the Rev. Nathan Cory and Rev. William White brought together a group of people in his home for the purpose of organizing a Baptist Church. The new church selected the name of the First Regular African . . . Map (db m202515) HM
46Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — The First Statehouse
On this site stood the first state house of Ohio wherein was adopted the original constitution of the commonwealthMap (db m202505) HM
47Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — The Hopewell Culture — The Arc Of Appalachia Junction Earthworks Archeological Park & Nature Preserve
The Hopewell Culture's Artistic Florescence. Between 2,200 and 1,500 years ago the Hopewell Culture flourished in the eastern half of North America, becoming one of the most influential cultures to ever to exist on our continent. . . . Map (db m166836) HM
48Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — The Underground Railroad in Chillicothe / Ross County — Historic Underground Railroad Site
Many heroic men and women joined forces with others in a vast network that helped fugitive slaves secure freedom. Three groups of people were most active in the Underground Railroad movement in Ross County. They were the Presbyterians, the Quakers . . . Map (db m118737) HM
49Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — Veterans Memorial
We, The Sons of the American Legion Squadron 62 of Chillicothe, dedicate ourselves to the preservation of these memories. To honor past, present and future generations of veterans whose sacrifice ensured the freedom of this great nation.Map (db m202512) HM
50Ohio, Ross County, Chillicothe — War Savings Stamps
In recognition of the Patriotism of the People of Ross County who so generously purchased War Savings Stamps in 1918 this tablet is gratefully erected by the Ohio War Savings CommitteeMap (db m202503) HM WM
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Jan. 27, 2023