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Murfreesboro in Rutherford County, Tennessee — The American South (East South Central)
 

The Square During Occupation

 
 
The Square During Occupation Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, March 14, 2020
1. The Square During Occupation Marker
Inscription.  Murfreesboro's first experience with Federal occupation came in March 1862, shortly after the fall of Fort Donelson.

Headed by Brig. Gen. Ormsby M. Mitchel, Union cavalry entered the town, hoisted the United States flag to the top of the courthouse steeple, and pitched their tents wherever there was a convenient water supply. Once the army settled in, the commander appointed a provost marshal, who administered loyalty oaths and issued military passes to the local people.

Shortly after establishing the post, Gen. Mitchel ordered squads of soldiers to search the houses and other buildings for guns and ammunition. Any weapons found were confiscated, regardless of condition. Citizens who were accused of disloyalty were jailed or sent to the penitentiary in Nashville. Upon their release they were required to obtain a bond with security in order to guarantee future good conduct.Federal scouting and foraging parties left the town each day to search for Confederate troops and to obtain additional supplies that would augment the rations shipped in from Nashville.

By the war's end, considerable physical changes had taken
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place in the county. Many fine houses had been looted and abused. A number of buildings, including the First Presbyterian Church, the slave market and the jail, had been torn down for military purposes. Fields were overgrown and the fences were used for firewood. Much of the region's wealth had been destroyed and it would take generations for the area to recover its former prosperity.

(captions)
Gen. O.M. Mitchel

Federal troops entering the city
 
Erected by Rutherford County, Tennessee.
 
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical month for this entry is March 1862.
 
Location. 35° 50.749′ N, 86° 23.52′ W. Marker is in Murfreesboro, Tennessee, in Rutherford County. Marker is on South Public Square east of South Maple Street, on the left when traveling west. Marker is located near southern entrance to old Rutherford County Courthouse. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Murfreesboro TN 37130, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Forrest's Murfreesboro Raid (a few steps from this marker); Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest Memorial (a few steps from this marker); Murfreesboro was the Capital of the State of Tennessee (within shouting distance of this marker); Rutherford County Boys (within
The Square During Occupation Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Duane and Tracy Marsteller, March 14, 2020
2. The Square During Occupation Marker
shouting distance of this marker); Murfreesboro (within shouting distance of this marker); Rutherford County Veterans Memorial (within shouting distance of this marker); a different marker also named Murfreesboro (within shouting distance of this marker); Battle of Murfreesboro (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Murfreesboro.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on March 17, 2020. It was originally submitted on March 16, 2020, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. This page has been viewed 183 times since then and 11 times this year. Photos:   1, 2. submitted on March 16, 2020, by Duane and Tracy Marsteller of Murfreesboro, Tennessee. • Bernard Fisher was the editor who published this page.

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May. 18, 2024