Cumberland Township in Adams County, Pennsylvania — The American Northeast (Mid-Atlantic)
— Army of the Potomac —
Brig. General Alexander Hays
Second Brigade Col. Thos. A. Smyth, Lieut. Col. Francis E. Pierce
Third Brigade Col. Geo. L. Willard, Col. Eliakim Sherrill, Lieut. Col. Jas. M. Bull
July 2 About 8 a.m. took position on Cemetery Ridge relieving Second Division First Corps and at noon advanced to the stone wall in front. Late in the day the Third Brigade went to the support of Third Corps on the left and became engaged with Barksdale's Mississippi Brigade capturing many prisoners. At dark Col. Carroll with the 4th. Ohio, 7th West Virginia and 14th Indiana of First Brigade went to support of Eleventh Corps on East Cemetery Hill and remained until the close of the battle.
July 3 The Bliss Barn in front occupied by sharpshooters was burned by order of Gen. A. Hays. At 1 p.m. a heavy Artillery fire from the Confederate line was concentrated on the positions of Second and Third Divisions of the Corps for two hours followed by a charge of more than 15,000 Infantry which was repulsed with loss the Division capturing about 1500
July 4 Sharp skirmishing in front all day.
Casualties Killed 20 officers 218 men. Wounded 75 officers 912 men. Captured or missing 1 officer 65 men. Total 1291.
Erected 1910 by Gettysburg National Military Park Commission.
Topics. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. A significant historical date for this entry is July 2, 1863.
Location. 39° 48.908′ N, 77° 14.112′ W. Marker is in Cumberland Township, Pennsylvania, in Adams County. Marker is on Hancock Avenue, on the right when traveling north. Located next to the Brian Farm Buildings on Cemetery Ridge, at Gettysburg National Military Park. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Gettysburg PA 17325, United States of America. Touch for directions.
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. Third Brigade (a few steps from this marker); 12th Regiment New Jersey Volunteers (a few steps from this marker); 111th New York Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); 11th Mississippi Infantry Regiment (within shouting distance of this marker); The Brian Farm (within shouting distance of this marker); 125th New York Infantry (within shouting distance of this marker); Pettigrew's Charge Skirmish Line of 2nd Regiment Delaware Volunteers (within shouting distance of this marker). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Cumberland Township.
Also see . . . Reports of Brig. Gen. Alexander Hays. Of Longstreet's July 3rd assault, Hays wrote:
I cannot believe there were less than eighty pieces bearing on us within good range. It was continued uninterruptedly until 4.30 o'clock, when a heavy column of the enemy moved forward in three lines, preceded by a strong line of skirmishers, debouched from the wood opposite our line. Their march was as steady as if impelled by machinery, unbroken by our artillery, which played upon them a storm of missiles. When within 100 yards of our line of infantry, the fire of our men could no longer be restrained. Four lines rose from behind our stone wall, and before the smoke of our first volley had cleared away, the enemy, in dismay and consternation, were seeking safety in flight. Every attempt by their officers to rally them was vain. In less time than I can recount it, they were throwing away their arms and appealing most piteously for mercy. The angel of death alone can produce such a field as was presented. (Submitted on December 25, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.)
Credits. This page was last revised on December 4, 2020. It was originally submitted on December 25, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 821 times since then and 6 times this year. Photos: 1, 2, 3. submitted on December 25, 2008, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia.