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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
Near Middleburg in Loudoun County, Virginia — The American South (Mid-Atlantic)
 

Battle of Middleburg

 
 
Battle of Middleburg Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, June 22, 2007
1. Battle of Middleburg Marker
Inscription.  Here, on 19 June 1863, Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart’s cavalry fought Brig. Gen. David M. Gregg’s Union cavalry division. Screening the march of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia through the Shenandoah Valley to invade Pennsylvania, Stuart formed a line along this ridge facing Gregg, who charged down this road from Middleburg. Stuart counterattacked then fell back to another defensive position a half-mile west. In this action, Maj. Heros von Borcke, a Prussian officer and aide to Stuart, fell wounded with a bullet in his neck; he recovered and was at Stuart’s deathbed on 12 May 1864.
 
Erected 1997 by Department of Historic Resources. (Marker Number B-31.)
 
Topics and series. This historical marker is listed in this topic list: War, US Civil. In addition, it is included in the Virginia Department of Historic Resources series list. A significant historical date for this entry is May 12, 1864.
 
Location. 38° 58.098′ N, 77° 46.049′ W. Marker is near Middleburg, Virginia, in Loudoun County. Marker is on John S. Mosby Highway (U.S. 50), on the right when traveling
Battle of Middleburg Marker image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, June 22, 2007
2. Battle of Middleburg Marker
Along the ridge in the background Stuarts first lines deployed at the start of the battle. The marker is in along the highway, just in front of the sign indicating the county line.
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east. As seen in the pictures, this marker is actually a few feet over the county line in Fauquier county. The marker is on the East bound side of a divided section of the highway. Touch for map. Marker is in this post office area: Middleburg VA 20117, United States of America. Touch for directions.
 
Other nearby markers. At least 8 other markers are within walking distance of this marker. The Battle Concludes: Buford's Flanking Movement & Stuart's Withdrawal (approx. 0.2 miles away); Mount Defiance (approx. ¼ mile away); The Prussian Warrior Heros Von Borcke Goes Down (approx. ¼ mile away); a different marker also named Mount Defiance (approx. ¼ mile away); Mt. Defiance, the Turnpike, and Middleburg (approx. ¼ mile away); The Battle Begins: Fighting East and Southeast of Mt. Defiance (approx. 0.3 miles away); Horse Artillery at Mt. Defiance (approx. 0.3 miles away); Phase Two of the Battle: Fighting Along the Turnpike (approx. 0.3 miles away). Touch for a list and map of all markers in Middleburg.
 
Regarding Battle of Middleburg. This marker replaces a previous B-31 titled "Stuart and Gregg" which read simply, "Near here the Union Cavalry General Gregg attacked Stuart and forced him to retire, June 19, 1863." The older B-31 stood near the intersection of the John S. Mosby Highway (US 50) and Willisville Road (County Rt. 623).
 
Related markers. Click here for a list of markers that are related to this marker. Battle of Middleburg
 
Stuart's Retreat image. Click for full size.
Photographed By Craig Swain, June 22, 2007
3. Stuart's Retreat
Looking to the West, Stuart fell back down Ashby's Gap Road, modern day John S. Mosby Highway (US 50) to positions on the ridge line in the distance.
 
 
Credits. This page was last revised on June 16, 2016. It was originally submitted on June 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. This page has been viewed 4,010 times since then and 48 times this year. Photos:   1, 2, 3. submitted on June 29, 2007, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. • J. J. Prats was the editor who published this page.

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Jul. 3, 2022